Socrates states that the Laws exist for its own purpose. The citizen is bound to the laws like a child is bound to a parent. So, to go against the Laws is like striking a parent. The Laws point out the role they have played in shaping Socrates, and how important their relationship is. It was through the Laws that Socrates’ parents were married and were able to give birth to him. Just as you will not break the Laws because you came from this city. The Laws go even further to suggest that one’s ties to one’s family, and so it is even more important to respect the judgements of the laws. Just as one should be willing to suffer and die for one’s country in battle rather than flee to save oneself. One should also be willing to suffer and die according to the Laws rather than to destroy them by trying to save oneself. You are a part of Athens. If you break the Laws, you do not only harm other people, but also yourself. Socrates are arguing that to avoid being executed, he must persuade the Laws that they punished him unjustly rather than simply fleeing, which would disrespect and destroy the Laws.
Two problems arise, the first one is Socrates portrays the Laws as living beings that have nurtured and raised him, who will suffer if he disregards them. The truth is the Law...
... middle of paper ...
... life, but has no life independent of the body. Thus, the soul is the master of the body. Having wrapped up his myth, Socrates remarks that the time has come for him to drink the poison. He states that after his is death, his soul will leave his body and will live on eternally. The body that left behind is not Socrates, because Socrates’ soul will no longer inhabit it.
We thus see, that the two main problems with Socrates’ argument are the state is held by the Laws, and the citizen of Athens have agreement with the Laws are not valid. If the state is not held together by the Laws, the people will not have an agreement with the Laws. The laws are good and are created for good purposes, but must be obeyed no matter what, and it is up to the people to carry that out. Also, the soul would be free without the body. So, then people can concentrate clearly on the problem.
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