Analysis Of Rene Descartes 's Meditations On First Philosophy Essay

Analysis Of Rene Descartes 's Meditations On First Philosophy Essay

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Rene Descartes was a French Philosopher who wrote the book, Meditations on First Philosophy. There are six meditations, the last one is named, The essence of material things, and the real distinction between mind and body, in the sixth meditation. In the previous meditations he already conjectured that he had a mind because he is a thing that thinks and to think is to have a mind and to think is to also exist. Descartes believes that physical things exist because they are pure mathematics, and he can see them clearly and distinctly. He then creates two arguments about the existence of material things. The first argument is based on the imagination and it 's abilities, the second is based on the body 's sensations.
To Descartes there is a clear distinction between imagination and pure understanding. For an example of understanding he uses a triangle, he knows that a triangle no matter how big or small, will have three sides and other properties associated with it. He can also imagine a triangle in his mind using his imagination. He also accepts that the imagination isn 't infinite and has a weakness, that it is limited by the body 's senses. He uses a thousand sided figure as an example because if you try and imagine a figure with a thousand sides it is practically impossible unless you have actually seen a figure with a thousand sides. However, he can still understand the properties of a thousand-sided figure even if he cannot imagine it. After going over imagination and understanding Descartes begins to establish that the imagination isn 't an essential component of the mind since he could still exist without being able to imagine. He uses this as a reasoning for imagination relying on something other than the mind itself for e...

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...ion however a mind without a body is still a mind and can still think. Many other people will choose to believe Ryle 's argument simply because dualism doesn 't describe nonphysical entities with absolute certainty, however, just because something can 't be proven to exist that doesn 't mean it doesn 't not exist. In my point of view if you can 't prove something doesn 't exist then it exist until you can prove it false.
To Conclude I have attempted to describe Descartes belief that the mind and body are separate but work together as a single unit within the body. Ryle on the other hand argues that the mind and body are not separate and that Descartes made a category-mistake and mistook the mind for a single entity when it actually hand multiple components. I disagreed with Ryle 's argument because he has no proof that the mind as a unit with the body doesn 't exist.

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