Analysis of over-diagnosing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

Analysis of over-diagnosing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

Length: 2148 words (6.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

The mental health community has been noticeably slow in identifying that there may be a problem with diagnoses and prescriptions for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. The National Institute of Mental Health government publication, “Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General” notes a rise in concerns regarding over-diagnosis and overprescribing of stimulant therapy, by stating there may be "inappropriate diagnosis and treatment" taking place (National Institute of Mental Health, 2001). The US Dept. of Health & Human Services, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention reported in 2011 that an estimated 9% of children in the United States had ADHD (Bloom, 2011). This paper will define the disorder, discuss the notion of over-diagnosing, and the potential risks of overprescribing medication for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Adolescence is often a time of bodily, societal, and mental evolution. Some will go through certain sequences or experiences that can be linked to specific choices concerning “family and peer relationships, sexual expression, vocational/educational development, and experimenting with drugs and alcohol” (Maag and Irvin, 2005). Having a consistent view of your life will help adolescents to effectively steer their life transitions in a positive direction. Steering these transitions can be difficult for some adolescents due to their specific personality structures. When adolescents have a compromised capability to deal with pressure, apprehension, and interpersonal relationships they have a higher possibility of emerging with any of the various psychological disorders.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric...


... middle of paper ...


...ty problems in primary care: A report from pediatric research in office settings and the ambulatory sentinel practice network. Pediatrics, 103(3), 661.

Wilens, T.E., Gignac, M., Swezey, A., Monuteaux, M.C., and Biederman, J. (2006). Characteristics of adolescents and young adults with adhd who divert or misuse their prescribed medications. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 45(4), 408-414.

Wolraich, M.L., Wibbelsman, C.J., Brown, T.E., Evans, S.W., Gotlieb, E.M., Knight, J.R., Ross, E.C., Shubiner, H.H., Wender, E.H., and Wilens, T. (2005). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among adolescents: A review of the diagnosis, treatment, and clinical implications. Pediatrics, 115(6), 1734-1746.

Woodard, R. (2006). (2006). The diagnosis and medical treatment of adhd in children and adolescents in primary care: A practical guide.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

- ... ADHD is normally diagnosed after a person has shown some or all of the symptoms of this disorder on a regular basis for at least six months. Once a child shows signs of the symptoms, the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual can be used to help further diagnosis of this disorder. This diagnostic standard that is given by the APA ensures that people are appropriately diagnosed and treated for ADHD. Using this standard throughout different communities in America helps determine the number of children who have this disorder, and how public health is affected by this condition....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Term Papers
1552 words (4.4 pages)

Essay about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

- ... Symptoms related to the hyperactivity or impulsivity related category include; fidgeting and/or squirming especially when seated, inability to stay seated, excessive need to run and/or climb, unable to play/perform leisure tasks that require quiet or calm contexts, feels uncomfortable staying still, excessively talks, has trouble talking in turns during play and/or in conversation (APA, 2013). Prognosis The prognosis for people diagnosed with ADHD varies depending on the degree of the symptoms presented in each individual....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Term Papers
797 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on Adhd : Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

- Although given specific subtypes and indicators, within these symptoms lies a “zone of ambiguity” which may lead to an increase of diagnosis (Parens and Johnston, 2009). The issue of the DSM’s attempt to label those is the issue of severity. It attempts to give a diagnostic label to different children with various levels of severity and different collections of symptoms. Because children’s behaviors may be sporadic and unpredictable, a haziness appears within what levels of symptomatic behavior are clinically significant versus what levels are normal in the typical adolescents....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Term Papers
745 words (2.1 pages)

Living With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

- Hannah Johnson Professor Gelman PSY 2012 July 27, 2015 Living with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder When we were given this assignment I knew immediately what my topic would be. Unfortunately, this topic is something I am becoming all too familiar with. For most of my life growing up I knew that I preferred physical activities rather than sitting still with a book reading or even watching television. It was as if my mind was telling me to keep busy and keep moving. From an early age my parents knew that I struggled with learning to read and staying still long enough to be read to....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Term Papers
1188 words (3.4 pages)

The Diagnosis Of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay example

- ... Unfortunately, psychiatrists are not considering this mental disorder as culturally constructed, but rather are attributing these “abnormal” behaviours to biology. Since Western medicine is predicated on the biomedical model, which stresses biological factors as the pathology of disease, our culture is intent on finding the biological cause behind the ADHD epidemic, even though it is culturally constructed. As stated before, there is no medical test for ADHD, but rather it is diagnosed using a checklist of behaviours (Stolzer 2007)....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Term Papers
1550 words (4.4 pages)

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Essay example

- ... This can either be a sign of the kid having ADD or ADHD but it must be a chronic issue. If it is a rare or random event then it can be just an outside source distracting the student, but if its ADD or ADHD then it is a life time problem that needs to be addressed to the parents. The inability to focus will not only affect you in school, but in every other aspect of life if it is left untreated. Andrew Colman of the University of Leicester said “areas like the pre frontal cortex that use dopamine to communicate tend to be shrunken in people with the disorder”....   [tags: focusing, hyperactivity, impulsivity, inattention]

Term Papers
1489 words (4.3 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Essay

- “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a condition in which a person not only has a great difficulty concentrating for more than a few minutes but also is inattentive, impulsive, and overactive” (The Developing Person Through the Life Span, page 310). Both children and adults are diagnosed with ADHD, but children hold a higher percentage of this diagnosis because the disorder usually appears in early to middle childhood. “The average age of ADHD diagnosis was 7 years of age, but children reported by their parents as having more severe ADHD were diagnosed earlier” (Web, CDC)....   [tags: symptoms, diagnosed, overmedicated, attention]

Term Papers
773 words (2.2 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Essay

- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Introduction Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which is often referred to as childhood hyperactivity, is a severe and chronic disorder for children. It is one of the most prevalent childhood disorders, and affects 3% to 5% of the school-age population. Boys outnumber girls three or more to one. Children with ADHD can experience many behavioral difficulties that often manifest in the form of inattention, being easily distracted, being impulsive, and hyperactivity....   [tags: Psychology Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder]

Free Essays
5012 words (14.3 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Essay

- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Works Cited Not Included Descriptions of ADHD symptoms have been stable since the mid-19th century. Even as early as 1863, the public's view of the disorder started to emerge in a poem by a German physicist which depicted 'Fidgety Phil's' classic sign's of ADHD (6). In 1902, experts classified children suffering form ADHD as mentally retarded, socially inept or even emotionally disturbed. It wasn?t until the 1940?s that experts classified it as a neurological disorder....   [tags: Behavior Disorders, Psychology]

Term Papers
2632 words (7.5 pages)

Attention-Defecit/Hyoeractivity Disorder Essay

- Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Attention-deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) is a prevalent disorder in which individuals display difficulty with attention and/or impulse control and hyperactive behavior relative to most individuals of the same age and gender (Barkley & Mash, 2009). Also known to be prevalent in conjunction with ADHD are significant deficits in many areas including educational, family and peer relationships. In order to diagnose a child with ADHD they must exhibit a number of inattentive, impulsive and hyperactive behaviors over a period of 6 months, which should be present in school and at home, and which significantly impair daily functioning (Daley & Birchwood, 2010)....   [tags: ADHD, Prevalent Disorder, Children, Attention]

Term Papers
1598 words (4.6 pages)