Analysis Of ' Monsters ' And ' The Metamorphosis ' Essay

Analysis Of ' Monsters ' And ' The Metamorphosis ' Essay

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It is very difficult to make a set definition of what a monster is. Monsters may look frightening, have unnatural body proportions, or even a dark and evil aura. We often see monsters as ghosts, werewolves, vampires, or artificial creatures, but it is still hard to say exactly a monster is. I believe monstrosity is made within the eye of the beholder. “Monsters” are what you make of them. Most “monsters” are just different and unique and that’s what makes them monstrous- because they are different from what people perceive as normal. That is how Gregor is turned into a monster in The Metamorphosis.
Kafka makes his first reference to monstrosity in the very first line-
“..when Gregor Samsa woke from troubled dreams, he found himself in his bed in a horrible vermin” (Kafka 1). After Gregor is transformed into this giant vermin, he is considered a “monster”, but he is still left with his human self in the inside. The term “monstrous vermin” makes us think this huge, scary monster but in reality vermin is commonly known as a pest. According to the Merriam Webster, the definition of vermin is as follows: “small common harmful or objectionable animals (as lice or fleas) that are difficult to control”. I feel as though Kafka chose vermin as the face for The Metamorphosis because its not a set idea.
Also, many people are disgusted with the idea of a dirty, cockroach like monster. We are never given an exact answer to what Gregor has really become. The power of the unknown takes over and pulls us in. Kafka also uses the idea of dreams to portray this idea of horror. In many horror stories, it starts with a nightmare or nightmares begin to form as the plot expands.
As the story moves along, Gregor is constantly harassed by his family an...


... middle of paper ...


...he authenticity within the family’s relationships. Gregor’s transformation was the the starting point of everyone’s transformation. They became someone who was unfamiliar to themselves, thus creating a monster within themselves.
Kafka also uses the idea of the unknown through out The Metamorphosis. He leaves room for mystery, which is always scarier than knowing the whole truth. In Walter H. Sokel’s Kafka’s “Metamorphosis”: Rebellion and Punishment, he states “that every statement made by the author ‘counts’ in the context of his work and that a careful scrutiny of the text may reveal his art and a good bit of its ‘mystery’”. He doesn’t explain how Gregor became the giant vermin or what exactly he looks like. We are left to fill in the missing details ourselves. He lets us interact with the text, by letting us ask questions and interpret his words in our own way.

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