The most obvious parallel is between the monster and the various protagonists of Paradise Lost. In fact, the monster compares himself to Satan and Adam, “I often referred the several situations, as their similarity struck me, to my own. Like Adam, I was created apparently united by no link to any other being in existence; but his state was far different from mine in every other respect…Many times I considered Satan as the fitter emblem of my condition; for often, like him, when I viewed the bliss of my protectors, the bitter gall of envy rose within me” (Shelley 105). The monster can identify himself as being alike to Adam and Satan: He compares himself specifically to Adam by noting how both of them were alone for the most part, the only “being” in their existences. We see evidence of Shelley paralleling the monster and Adam in the prologue too- Shelley inserts a quote from Paradise Lost about how Adam did not ask to be created- almost exactly the same as what the monster tells Victor: “Did I request thee, Maker, from my clay to mold Me man? Did I solicit thee from darkness to promote me?” (Milton, 10.743-5). Like Adam, the Monster was created without Frankenstein (the creator) thinking of whether or not he should have or wanted to be created. The monster also mentions how he identifies strongly with Satan- he looks upon those th...
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...e a lichen on the rock. I wished sometimes to shake off all thought and feeling; but I learned that there was but one means to overcome the sensation of pain…” (Shelley 96). The creature here is saying that as he learned more about the world around him and gained knowledge, he became fully aware of how Frankenstein had abandoned him, how he could not be accepted by anyone, and how truly alone he was in the world. This is similar to how once they ate the fruit, Adam and Eve were aware of suffering, death, and everything bad in the world. The theme of how knowledge can hurt a person is prevalent in both stories.
Overall, Shelley boosted several different ideas from Paradise Lost, from the characters to the underlying themes. Rather than exploiting these ideas, however, Shelley developed them further in Frankenstein and created an intriguing comparison between the two.
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