During the late 18th Century and early 19th Century, the Enlightenment period began to receive resistance from a large group of people who came to be known as Romantics. Samuel Taylor Coleridge and the other Romantics disagreed with the beliefs the Enlightenment movement was promoting. According to W. W. Norton, one of these beliefs included “avoiding realism and imagination in favor of elevated diction and stylized formats made standard by tradition” (“The Enlightenment”). In contrast to this, as W. W. Norton states, romanticism valued “spontaneity, imagination, and originality” in their works of expression (“The 19th Century: Romanticism”). These statements highlight that the main difference between the two ideologies is how ...
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...ehaviour of the upper class during the 19th century with their castles and manors.
When Romanticism began to gain popularity, social criticism appeared in many written works by Romantics as a method of both venting frustration towards the Enlightenment as well as promoting the ideology’s message. Samuel Taylor Coleridge used Kubla Khan to condemn the credulous nature of the Enlightenment and lambaste the upper class for their pretentious displays of wealth and abuse of the natural world. As aforementioned, Coleridge also used symbolism and his creative writing style to showcase the Romantic values of imagination, unpredictability, and originality. The result of Coleridge’s references and personal connections is a masterpiece in which the speaker’s dreamlike land comes to life. Using the Romantic perspective, a world of one’s own imagination is the best place to be.
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