Political irony and satire are essential to both texts under review. Swift knows that people in a country are always prone to look at the problems they see in their political leaders and governments. Satire and irony are exemplary methods to highlight those malefactions in politics. The public is more likely to understand such satire and pay attention because of its intrinsic humor. It is for these reasons that Swift takes advantage of the techniques. He desires for the general populous to understand the wrongdoings of the government at the time.
Corruption and abuse were rampant in England and Ireland when Swift created both writings. The eighteenth century was the apex of the troubles that Ireland had been suffering because of the mistreatment it received from the English government. The King of England was making a profit off of the people and land of Ireland, all the while destroying the country in the process. Poverty and hunger were more than prevalent: they were an epidemic. He wrote: “It is a melancholy object to those…when they see the streets, the roads and cabbin-doors crowded with beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four, or six children, all in ...
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...nd “A Modest Proposal,” Jonathan Swift uses irony and satire to ridicule the politics of Great Britain in the eighteenth century. In “A Modest Proposal,” Swift is attacking the problems of hunger and poverty in Ireland by ironically implying that eating children will remedy the problems. In “A Voyage to Lilliput,” references to personal gripes, nonfunctioning political parties, and ludicrous government appointment methods. There is one express purpose of using political irony and satire: to use rhetoric to prove one’s points. Swift is not actually intending for any of his ideas about government to be put in action: what he is trying to do is show the faults in the government that exists to him in order to inspire change. The more people who read Swift’s material, the more people realize the failures of their government, and the bigger the momentum for reform becomes.
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- Stating direct facts isn’t always the best way for an author to call attention to certain realities of society. Through the use of satire and irony, a writer can convey meaning to his readers that would not otherwise be conveyed. One such author who expertly knew how to use satire and irony in his writing was Jonathan Swift. In his book Gulliver’s Travels, especially in the section “A Voyage to Lilliput,” and his essay “A Modest Proposal,” Swift is able to use the aforementioned literary techniques to prove how the governments of two different nations are flawed.... [tags: Satire, Jonathan Swift, Gulliver's Travels]
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