Essay about Analysis Of John Locke 's Theory Of Logic And Natural Rights

Essay about Analysis Of John Locke 's Theory Of Logic And Natural Rights

Length: 804 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Centered on rationality and open discussion, Enlightenment ideals focused on the ability to think and make arguments based logic and clarity of thought rather than traditional values. With this, religious and conventional concepts changed, making people look for evidence and not rely on what was told to them by those in positions of authority. One of the most influential of these pioneers was John Locke, whose subversive conclusions about the contract between the populace, their government, and natural rights changed the perception of the national state since. A British colony, the Americas quickly discovered the European ideas from across the ocean and adopted and integrated them into the intellectual culture. Profoundly influenced by the ideas of Locke and the Enlightenment and mixing these notions with colonial desires, the founders of the United States based their revolution on theories of logic and natural rights, creating a basis for American government throughout its history.
Many American writings during this time exemplify the basis of conception for the revolution and framing of the new US government. Thomas Paine’s Common Sense had a profound effect on the populace of the American colonies and contributed to swaying the general opinion towards rebellion. The colonial revolutionary outlined and listed out prominent arguments reasons for revolution, going point by point, refuting counterclaims, and “[offering] nothing more than simple facts, plain arguments, and common sense” in his widely distributed pamphlet arguing for the revolt against Britain (Paine 2). Based on John Locke, Paine emphasized the concepts of right of revolution and a contract between the government and people, easily convincing an already disgruntled...


... middle of paper ...


...ndians and the wild. These settlers had a god-given right to the land they deemed the Native Americans did not use correctly in the quest for prosperity and success and if a monarch could not deter them, then neither should the native inhabitants of the land.
Ultimately, because the revolution was won by America, the Enlightened philosophy became an integral part to the American government and logic. Even today, debates on the rights of the people versus the rights of the government dominate political circles and controversy; we look at the second amendment, its interpretation and change over time, how the first amendment can be restricted in certain context, or whether or not the government can invade a person’s privacy without evidence to prevent terrorism. While what the arguments are have changed, the ideas behind them and how we go about debating them has not.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

John Locke : Morality Of Laws And Rights Essay

- While every person in this world lives under some state which is composed of a mixture of positive and negative laws enforced by a government, people rarely reflect on the morality of the laws they are forced to follow. Take for example the positive law, a law that tell citizens what they must do, of paying taxes. While law abiding citizens pay a certain amount of taxes every year, many have tried to claim that they have the right to refuse to pay taxes because the government spending of public funds doesn’t align with their personal morals....   [tags: Political philosophy, Law, Morality, Rights]

Better Essays
1389 words (4 pages)

Women 's Rights By Dr. John Todd, And Gail Hamilton Essay

- Since the beginning of the 17th-century and earlier, there has always been different perspectives on women 's rights. Men and women all over the world have voiced their opinion and position in regard to the rights of women. This holds especially true in the United States during the 18th and 19th century. As women campaigned for equality, there were some who opposed this idea. There was, and always will be a series of arguments on behalf of women 's rights. Anti-women 's rights activists such as Dr....   [tags: Human rights, Women's suffrage, Woman]

Better Essays
1608 words (4.6 pages)

John Locke And The Liberal Thinkers Essay

- Throughout history, man has sought after the preservation of his natural rights. The idea of protecting these rights has put many political thinkers into conversation with one another, opening the door to a plethora of ideas and critiques on these important ideas. Liberal contract theorists, such as John Locke, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Adam Smith, are seen as committed to the protection of individual rights above all other powers. On the other hand, many critics such as, Karl Marx, Carole Pateman, and Charles Mills, address foundational issues that the liberal theorists omit....   [tags: Political philosophy, Democracy, John Locke]

Better Essays
2259 words (6.5 pages)

Essay on John Locke 's View On Property

- Throughout John Locke’s, Second Treatise of Government, he uses several methods to substantiate his claims on the natural right to property. Locke’s view on property is one of the most fundamental and yet debated aspects of his works within his respective view on politics. Locke views property as one of humankind 's most important rights, contending with the right to life and the right to liberty. However, certain claims made by Locke regarding property are may be unfeasible, which could be deduced from the time period in which he lived....   [tags: Property, John Locke, Liberty, Ownership]

Better Essays
1562 words (4.5 pages)

Natural Law vs. Progressivism Essay

- Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness are three rights that everyone seems to know right away. Every American is indoctrinated with these truths which also are the basis to the founding of the United States of America. The framers of the Declaration of Independence believed in natural law and nature’s God. The founders excelled in reason and paid attention to science but they worshiped neither. The recent progressive movement in America tries to undermine Natural Law and substitute it with a relative sense of truth and morality....   [tags: Christianity ]

Better Essays
1613 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on A Brief Biography of John Locke

- John Locke a famous political philosopher left his mark in history through his writings, his political philosophy, and his studies of knowledge, understanding and education. Locke well educated received some of his education at Westminster in London, moving onto earn his Masters of Arts in 1658. Locke studied logic, metaphysics and old languages. (Biography Channel, 2013) Locke’s studies in logic and understanding apparent in his writings throughout his lifetime. Locke’s political philosophy took root in Europe....   [tags: political philosophers]

Better Essays
685 words (2 pages)

The Declaration Of Independence By John Locke Essay

- The Declaration of the Independence was a formal document which declared the America’s independence from Britain from July 4, 1776 until today (“Declaration of Independence”). The Enlightenment was a period in time, in the eighteenth century, when many Enlightenment thinkers created new ways of understanding which later influenced the American and French Revolution (“Enlightenment”). Celebration of the Declaration of Independence occurs every year on July 4, when Americans come together to honor our independent nation, usually with fireworks, hot dogs and apple pies....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

Better Essays
1035 words (3 pages)

Essay on John Locke and the Enlightenment

- This paper is about John Locke who was a philosopher in the 17-century. He was an Englishmen and his ideas formed the basic concept for the government and laws, which later allowed colonist to justify revolution. I agree with what Locke is saying because everybody should be able to have their own freedom and still respect the freedom of other people. John said, “Individuals have rights, and their duties are defined in terms of protecting their own rights and respecting those of others”. This paper will present to you information about his enlightenment, personal information, and how we as people feel about his decisions. The Enlightenment is a time in history when there was a want in great...   [tags: philosophy, biography, european history]

Better Essays
575 words (1.6 pages)

John Stuart Mill Biographical Information Essay

- John Stuart Mill was a very intelligent man, who not only was a great economist of his time, but he was also a philosopher, scholar, author and a political scientist. He was the “most influential English-speaking philosopher of the 19th century.” (John Mill, 1) John made a huge impact on the world. He contributed many ideas and beliefs to society. John Mill was a man of many talents, and he had the courage to hold beliefs that most people did not agree with. Biographical Information John Stuart Mill was born on May 20th, 1806....   [tags: utilitarianism,economist, 19th century philosopher]

Better Essays
1036 words (3 pages)

John Stuart Mill: Philosopher, Economist, Author Essay

- John Stuart Mill was a very intelligent man, who not only was a great economist of his time, but he was also a philosopher, scholar, author and a political scientist. John Stuart Mill was born on May 20th, 1806. He was born in London, United Kingdom. His father was the historian and economist, James Mill. His mother was Harriet Barrow. He started learning Greek when he was only 3 years old, and Latin at 8 years old. Mill’s father met Jeremy Bentham in 1808. They lead the “philosophic radicals” movement....   [tags: Biography, Philosophy]

Better Essays
522 words (1.5 pages)