Analysis Of James Madison Was No Stranger From The Grasp Of Distant Monarchical Rule

Analysis Of James Madison Was No Stranger From The Grasp Of Distant Monarchical Rule

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James Madison was no stranger to opposition. In publishing an essay referred to today as Federalist Essay No. 10, Madison participated in a persuasive attempt to ratify the Constitution, a document he drafted and for which he is credited as its “Father”. Along with John Jay, who became the United States’ first Supreme Court Chief Justice, and Alexander Hamilton, who became the first Secretary of the Treasury, Madison articulates in his writing the necessity of the Constitution as a remedy for the extant ills of an infant nation recently freed from the grasp of distant monarchical rule. This young nation faltered under the first endeavor of organized government, the Articles of Confederation. The Articles were designed during a period of emerging independence and continued resentment. Fear of central power resulted in a weak national government so as to maintain autonomous states. Aggressive tax and debt policies and increasing political corruption resulted in Shays’ Rebellion of 1786 to 1787, an insurrection that the central government was unable to quell quickly. This event proved that the Articles were destined to fail. With sovereignty for each state, no executive branch, no method of tax collection, and little control over foreign policy, the United States under the Articles could not function as a cohesive, unified body. Madison acknowledges the Articles’ faults and ardently defends the proposed Constitution. The republican democracy the Framers espouse in the Constitution led to the creation of competing interests: Madison categorizes himself as a Federalist and his opponents as Anti-Federalists. The 85 essays that comprise The Federalist, of which Federalist No. 10 is a part, sought to convince the undecided and those oppos...


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...hough partisanship presents dangers, especially in a period of divided government, it is healthier than my peers’ apathy. My classmates are the same people who saw little purpose in my proposal to plan a voter registration drive for eligible students during school hours. I fear that few of them will register to vote within the coming decade, and so they will have denied themselves the exercise of a right to participate in the political process and to influence the course of their local, state, and national governments. Madison confesses the shortcomings of faction but establishes how essential it is to representative democracy. Individuals who are indifferent to government threaten the very foundation of republican democracy. This form of government, for which the United States is the primary model, should be protected. Faction performs a fundamental role in doing so.

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