Dante 's masterpiece, the Divine Comedy, began around 1307 and concluded shortly before his death. It is an allegorical narrative of great precision and dramatic force, in which the poet’s imaginary journey through Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise is described. It is divided into three main sections, which receive their title on three stages of the journey. In each of these three worlds, Dante is finding with his mythological, historical or contemporary characters, each symbolizing a defect or virtue, either in the field of politics or in religion. Thus, punishments or rewards they receive for their works illustrate a universal scheme of moral values. During his journey through Hell and Purgatory, the poet’s guide, Virgil, is praised by Dante as the highest representative of poetry, “O light and honor of other poets” (Alighieri 1.82), acts as Dante’s guide. This paper will explain their journey through the layers of Hell, which is illustrated in Inferno, and explain the roles of different characters and hidden meanings in Dante’s Inferno the Divine Comedy.
Each book of the Divine Comedy is comprised of thirty-three cantos (songs), “divided into three groups of thirty-three” (Musa 1051), except the first (Inferno), which includes one more and serves as an introduction. The poem is written in rhyme, the structure in which the rhyme is distributed is as follows: ABA BCB CDC ... etc. Dante 's intention in composing this poem was to reach the largest possible number of readers and thus wrote it in Italian and not in Latin. He titled it Commedia because it has a happy ending, in Paradise, which reaches the end of his journey. The poet can finally contemplate God and feel his self will merge with the ...
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... Dante, the poet very obviously chose Beatrice for this role because of his love for her.
Paradise is comprised of nine heavens and the city of God, each of them is a sphere surrounding the earth, the first seven were known planets, the eighth solar constellations and fixed stars, and the ninth was determined by a crystal looking sky which remains motionless, where paradise is. The first seven heavens, or spheres of symbolizing the seven theological virtues that are part of the exploration of paradise through moral and spiritual considerations.
Inferno might be the greatest work using symbolism and allegory of all time. The culmination of earthly sins and the punishments given for those sins are of great importance in understanding the journey of Dante through Inferno. The souls that he met along the way, give light to how he revered those people in his lifetime.
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