Analysis Of Homer 's The Odyssey Essay

Analysis Of Homer 's The Odyssey Essay

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The fall of Troy in the 12th or 13th century BCE and the pursuit of historical/documentation gave inspiration for the composition of Homer’s the Odyssey. Epic poetry is seen by many historical scholars as Homer’s forte. His use of Odysseus as a centralized heroic figure, the heavy involvement of the Greek Gods, plentiful examples of repetition/enumerations, and Homer’s invoking of Zeus’ nine daughters the Muses are all glaring characteristics of epic poetry. These characteristics incidentally make excellent mnemonic devices. Evidence such as the way Athena speaks to Zeus: “Father of us all, thou son of Cronos, high above all lords…” in (Homer, Odyssey Book 1 line 45) which is repeated throughout the text is indicative of the poem’s auditory nature. With the rise of the polis during the 8th century BCE also arose the need to keep Greek history and important moral teachings alive. Written in Archaic Greece – Homer’s the Odyssey demonstrates the advancement of Greek culture and history though its emphasis on cultural values and moral laws such as hospitality and loyalty.
During the 8th century BCE the ancient world has experienced the development of the alphabet, the rise of massive stone temples to the Gods, the first Olympic games, the founding of Rome, and the emergence of the polis. These events are all signs of early modernization: with the development of the alphabet the Greeks now have a standardized written communication method and the emergence of the Olympic games shows that they now have more free time which can be spent on leisure. Homer being able to spend time and preserve important Greek cultural standards such as importance of hospitality as seen throughout the Odyssey is another example the development of Greek soc...


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...he poem is yet another hallmark of epic poetry, all in an effort to ensure the preservation of Greek history and culture.
In the 8th century BCE the Odyssey provides support for the transitional period occurring in Greek society though its emphasis on cultural values and moral laws. The preservation of history and culture is a necessity for nations which aspire to modernize and Homer’s Odyssey provides Greece with just that. Although the Odyssey was still composed with an auditory presentation in mind its agenda rests in the preservation of Greek history and moral standards. From a contextual point of view, it was around the same time that the first Olympic games were held, and the polis emerged as a popular template for city states. The Odyssey is able to recount the fall of Troy while also teaching important Greek moral standards such as hospitality, and loyalty.

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