Analysis Of Homer 's The Odyssey Essay

Analysis Of Homer 's The Odyssey Essay

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In the Odyssey, the reader was shown magnificent and spectacular landscapes. Some of these landscapes had similar aspects to them, yet each was unique. Furthermore, each culture was inexplicably connected to the civilization living there. In Homer’s The Odyssey, the landscapes of Calypso’s island, Phaeacia, and the Cyclops’ island, introduced the reader to the culture living in each landscape. Furthermore, it was apparent that the landscape and the culture were interdependent, each having a profound similarity to each other. The first landscape introduced was Calypso’s island.
Ogygia was a hidden paradise, untainted by humanity. The most striking aspect of the island was its glistening spring, which diverged into four bubbling rivers. The perfection of the island showed how it was an oasis within Odysseus’ tumultuous journey. The pastoral nature of the island showed the idea of the locus amoenus, or the perfect place. The shaded woods of the poplars, and the sparkling springs showed the innocent and the primitive perfection of the island. The luscious and untamed greenery of Ogygia and the limited animal life directly connected with the pastoral ideal of life. Another aspect of a pastoral ideal was the idea of music. Upon the introduction of the island, one prominent feature was music. “Deep inside she sang, the goddess Calypso, lifting/ her breathtaking voice as she glided back and forth” (5.68-69). Although Calypso was simply one person, she represented the idea of culture on Ogygia. Moreover, Calypso’s nature was connected to the landscape as well.
The immortal Calypso was a sensual being, with a carefree air about her. This was shown through the use of the word “lustrous” to describe Calypso multiple times ...


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...he lack of laws was evident upon meeting the Cyclops. In fact the first description of the Cyclops used the term “lawless brutes” (9. 120). The beauty of the Cyclops Island was a stark contrast to the rough and wild nature of its inhabitants.
The landscapes in the Odyssey showed Homer’s idea of the goals of civilization and culture. According to these descriptions, landscapes allowed civilizations to thrive, but even a perfect landscape could have an imperfect culture. The Cyclops’ Island showed this through the contrast between the landscape’s beauty and natural fertility and the savage nature of the Cyclops. Calypso’s island was the perfect oasis yet was a prison because of the lack of culture and people. Phaeacia was the ultimate world. The people of Phaeacia and the landscape of Phaeacia worked together ultimately to produce the perfect collaboration.

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