The focus on a man’s intellectual capability is shown within the first few lines of the epic poem when Homer focuses on a “man of twists and turns;” meaning, a man who is able to adapt in complex situations is one of intellect. Although Odysseus is man of great strength, he relies on his ability to manipulate a difficult situation, rather than relying on his extraordinary physical abilities and allowing his hubris to consume him. This is illustrated with his encounter with Polyphemus, Odysseus exposes Polyphemus senselessness rather than trying to overpower him. Although, he eventually displays his strength after blinding Polyphemus’s single eye, his strength was a small aspect in Odysseus’s larger plan to deceive Polyphemus. Another encounter with Odysseus’s cunning and witty personality is when he encounters The Sirens on his journey back to Ithaca. The Sirens are mythical creatures that live on an island, they use their irresistible singing to attract men to their death. Odysseus knows that he will be unable to resist the lure...
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...n The Odyssey, Athena, Poseidon and Zeus are the most influential during Odysseus’s journey. Under Athena, goddess of wisdom and battle, Odysseus is able to survive under her aegis, during dangerous adventures and provides counsel with the other gods at Mount Olympus. Athena aids him during difficult situations, including his shipwreck and many battles and persuades Zeus for his freedom. Although, she comforts Odysseus in his battle against Penelope’s suitors, she allows Odysseus to fight and prevail without her assistance. Her mastery is disguise allows her to appear to Odysseus as his old friend Mentor. Athena is the initiator of most of the action throughout the epic poem but knows the limitations of the severity of each situation. For example, during the battle between Odysseus and the suitors she quickly terminates the battle to limit the amount of causalities.
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- Homer makes The Odyssey out of many smaller books each with their own theme and story that add to the entirety of the meaning of the Epic. Within these books, Homer exposes the effects the war has on human nature by symbolizing the consequences of war as monsters, who, as the story continues, gain more human appearances until Homer reveals that Odysseus himself is one of the consequences of war. Homer, make it clear that war’s most important consequence is the loss of civilization. This follows one of Homer 's more prominent themes throughout his epic, the idea that civilization is what makes people human.... [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Trojan War, Homer]
2274 words (6.5 pages)
- Within Homer’s epic, The Odyssey, vary aspects of ancient Grecian culture are revealed throughout the actions of the characters and throughout the plot of the poem. Homer’s use of poetry and philosophy provides his audience with a sense of Grecian history while creating an entertaining piece of literature. The Greeks’ values and customs primary revolved around the mental, physical, religious aspects of the individual as well, as their view on life. The most prominent of the Grecian values was the mental aspect, Greek’s value an individual’s intellectual abilities.... [tags: Odyssey, Greek mythology, Zeus, Homer]
1268 words (3.6 pages)
- Up to this point in The Odyssey, Homer has introduced several characters, including the gods, Telemachus, Odysseus, and several more. The Gods first appear when they discuss what they should do about Odysseus’s turmoil as he attempts to get home to his wife and, now grown, son. Afterward, Athena appears to Telemachus as Mentor, an old companion of his father, Odysseus. She convinces Telemachus that he should set sail in order to find out if his father is dead or alive and also to take back control of his father’s kingdom from his mother, Penelope’s, suitors.... [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Trojan War, Homer]
1018 words (2.9 pages)
- The fall of Troy in the 12th or 13th century BCE and the pursuit of historical/documentation gave inspiration for the composition of Homer’s the Odyssey. Epic poetry is seen by many historical scholars as Homer’s forte. His use of Odysseus as a centralized heroic figure, the heavy involvement of the Greek Gods, plentiful examples of repetition/enumerations, and Homer’s invoking of Zeus’ nine daughters the Muses are all glaring characteristics of epic poetry. These characteristics incidentally make excellent mnemonic devices.... [tags: Odyssey, Greek mythology, Homer, Epic poetry]
928 words (2.7 pages)
- Homer’s Odyssey effectively demonstrates the numerous societal roles played out in Greek culture with a stress on the expectations of the two sexes, particularly those of females. Two main factions of women, categorized according to their differing levels of prestige, are used to represent the different ancient Greek women. The lower level is the common mortal woman, separated into women of sovereignty like Penelope and the everyday women like the housemaids. The higher level is the immortal goddess— ranging from well-known Pallas Athena to nymphs and witches like Circe and Calypso.... [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Greek mythology, Homer]
1492 words (4.3 pages)
- Homer’s Odyssey challenges the common view on deception as employed only maliciously. Both a mortal, Odysseus, and one of the most revered goddesses, Athena, have the common noble goal of bringing Odysseus back home to his family after nearly two decades of absence. To achieve that goal, they mainly use deception and disguise in various forms that their physical and mental powers allow. Odysseus is famous for wittily deceiving others through verbal means, fact noted by Menelaus and Helen of Troy (Book 4).... [tags: literary analysis, homer, odyssey]
1153 words (3.3 pages)
- Everyone is strong in their individual ways. In Homer’s the Odyssey, the main characters, Odysseys and Penelope, go through trials and have their own way of dealing with them. When I mentioned everyone that includes myself. I use my strengths to overcome challenges just like Odysseys and Penelope. With my strengths of empathy, adaptability, and positivity, I work through problems and trials that stand in my way, similarly Odysseys and Penelope has similar and different ways of dealing with their obstacles.... [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Optimism, Penelope]
1654 words (4.7 pages)
- Gods in The Odyssey often use prophecy to inform mortal characters of their fates. Once a mortal character is aware of his fate, he is responsible for accepting and fulfilling it, or otherwise facing punishment for his failure to obey the gods. One such example is Odysseus’ failure to execute Circe’s prophecy not to fight Scylla in order to save his shipmates, which results in his loss of six of his best men. Odysseus’ responsibility here for his men’s deaths at the hands of Scylla implores the reader to question Odysseus’ ability to lead his men.... [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Circe, Leadership]
1388 words (4 pages)
- In the ending chapters of The Odyssey Homer bring about many interesting points in which would bring us to believe that in fact Penelope had helped to slay the suitors. Penelope did not physically help to slay the suitors when Odysseus had been in the room killing them. It was Penelope’s actions leading up to this scene that may have helped Odysseus in his successful killing spree of the suitors. For the case of the argument we will discuss points in which it is believed that she had recognized him disguised as the old man, which gave her the ability to help Odysseus.... [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, KILL, Mind]
1324 words (3.8 pages)
- He is arrogant, self-centered, destructive, and calculative. These are some portray the king of Ithaca. Throughout Homer’s epic poem, The Odyssey, depicts Odysseus as a brave warrior who overcomes the various obstacles to reach his homeland Ithaca. Yet, his egotistical behavior and his ignorances characterizes the king Odysseus as a transitional hero, however having some qualities of a modern hero, but falls short to fulfill that honorable position of being a true hero. A major way Odysseus is portrayed as a self-centered individual is when he encounters a monster that interrupts his journey to his homeland Ithaca.... [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Cyclops, Athena]
1574 words (4.5 pages)