One of Achilles first great lessons learned was that one should be less intense when it comes to one’s values. During the first couple books of The Iliad of Homer we see that honor is the most important thing to Achilles. Honor comes before all. Unfortunately, in book nineteen, Achilles beloved comrade and brother-in-arms Patroklos is killed by Hector, the eldest son of the Trojan king. In the beginning of book nineteen Achilles is portrayed as devastated and angry. Latimore shows us here in lines 1-40:
And Thetis came to the ships and carried with her the gifts of Hephaistos. She found her beloved son lying in the arms of Patroklos crying shrill, and his companions in their numbers about him mourned. She, shining among divinities, stood there beside them. She clung to her son’s hand and called him by name and spoke to him: “My child, now, though we grieve for him, we must let this man lie dead, in the way he first was killed through the gods’ designing. Accept rather from me the glorious arms of Hephaistos, so splendid, and such as no man has ever worn on his shoulders.”
The goddess spoke so, and set down the armor on the ground before Achilleus, and all its elaboration clashed loudly. Trembling took hold of all the Myrmidons. None had the courage to look straight at it. They were afraid of it. Only Ac...
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...i-lesson Achilles may have learned from his journey is a sum of the two lessons above. One’s rage can have a huge impact on friends and loved ones. Selfish talents that do not contribute to the community are irresponsible and Achilles rage has devastating consequences, as he lets this harm the one’s he cherishes the most. From pulling out of the war because Agagmemnon humiliates him by stealing Briseis, and by getting back into the war because Hector kills Patroklos. Achilles let’s his emotions overrule him and shall learn to not think such way.
The Iliad of Homer is known for having quite a lot of moral lessons and throughout the book we see Achilles fall and get back up again. Through Achilles mistakes he comes out a stronger warrior, even though he faces some big losses. A lesson can always be learned out of devastation or failure and we learn this while reading.
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