Both Demeter and Penelope lose a loved one because of the schemes of the gods. In the Hymn to Demeter, Zeus gives Demeter’s daughter, Persephone, as a wife to Hades, who kidnaps her and takes her to the Underworld. When she discovers Persephone’s fate from Helios, Demeter is bereaved. “But a more terrible and savage grief came into Demeter’s heart. / Then, angered at the dark-clouded son of Cronos, / she avoided the assembly of the gods and lofty Olympus…” (H. Dem. 90-92) Demeter is heartbroken by the loss of her daughter, and angered by the gods who took her daughter away from her. Similarly, Penelope laments the loss of her husband, Odysseus, who, as far as she know...
... middle of paper ...
...mbles the goddess as she is portrayed in the Hymn to Demeter. The small allusion Calypso makes in her comparing herself to Demeter is overwhelmingly outweighed by the multitude of parallels Demeter and Persephone share. Both women undergo a loss of a close family member due to the schemes of other gods, followed by a period of great grief. They are both met with temptations to move on and simply replace the ones they have lost, yet both women remain faithful and endure, bravely defying over a hundred men, and even the gods themselves. In the end, Demeter and Penelope are handsomely rewarded for their efforts with the return of their loved ones as well as additional blessings from the gods. And although their victories are not absolute, as Persephone and Odysseus must leave them again, they are complacent because Zeus has ensured them their fates and their happiness.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Homer’s Odyssey effectively demonstrates the numerous societal roles played out in Greek culture with a stress on the expectations of the two sexes, particularly those of females. Two main factions of women, categorized according to their differing levels of prestige, are used to represent the different ancient Greek women. The lower level is the common mortal woman, separated into women of sovereignty like Penelope and the everyday women like the housemaids. The higher level is the immortal goddess— ranging from well-known Pallas Athena to nymphs and witches like Circe and Calypso.... [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Greek mythology, Homer]
1492 words (4.3 pages)
- ... These events are all signs of early modernization: with the development of the alphabet the Greeks now have a standardized written communication method and the emergence of the Olympic games shows that they now have more free time which can be spent on leisure. Homer being able to spend time and preserve important Greek cultural standards such as importance of hospitality as seen throughout the Odyssey is another example the development of Greek society. In fact, it seems that hospitality which is triumphed by Zeus is the only law of moral conduct that is demonstrated throughout the poem.... [tags: Odyssey, Greek mythology, Homer, Epic poetry]
928 words (2.7 pages)
- The Threatening Women of Homer's Odyssey Aristotle called this poem 'a story of character' which is very true, as the analysis of people in the Odyssey id detailed and they are carefully depicted. Though the women still remain a fairly mysterious force that test Odysseus' determination for 'nostos' (hero's return home), requiring the man whose words are "like snowflakes" to use every trick he has to evade their threat, his civility not allowing him to strike them. In the Underworld, Agamemnon made it very clear in his enlightened state (consider the wiser Achilles who now regrets his noble death - "rather work the soil as a serf...than be King of all these lifeless dead" 11.490), a... [tags: Homer, Odyssey Essays]
1893 words (5.4 pages)
- Homer’s epic, The Odyssey is one of the most influential tales to date. It is believed to be written during the twelfth century B.C.E and since then Homer continues to leave his audience in awe as he tells the story of Odysseus’ journey home after the Trojan War. This classic piece of Greek literature serves as a symbol for Greek culture. For example, Homer the relationships between host and house guest/parent and child/man and woman as well as the moral rules of ancient Greece. As the audience reads this epic they join Odysseus on his journey home and they are taught about the definition of heroism but, what is often over looked in this epic is the admiration he shows for women throughout t... [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Gender role, Greek mythology]
1154 words (3.3 pages)
- In the Odyssey, the reader was shown magnificent and spectacular landscapes. Some of these landscapes had similar aspects to them, yet each was unique. Furthermore, each culture was inexplicably connected to the civilization living there. In Homer’s The Odyssey, the landscapes of Calypso’s island, Phaeacia, and the Cyclops’ island, introduced the reader to the culture living in each landscape. Furthermore, it was apparent that the landscape and the culture were interdependent, each having a profound similarity to each other.... [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Trojan War, Ogygia]
1318 words (3.8 pages)
- In ancient Greece, one would fall into one of the two major classes: civilized and uncivilized. In order to fall into the class of civilized, one must abide by Ancient Greek expectations and societal norms; disregard of these rules would defines one as uncivilized. One’s class would then decide not only their way of living but also their perspective image and worth. In ancient Greece, civilization was important to the Greeks to prove their nation was gaining power and flourishing. Anyone whom displayed uncivilized behavior was labeled as barbaros; consequently diminishing their worth to the nation.... [tags: Ancient Greece, Odyssey, Odysseus, Ancient Rome]
954 words (2.7 pages)
- 1) Odysseus leaves for war in Troy and has trouble coming back, because Poseidon is upset with Odysseus. Athena goes to Ithica to try to help Telemachus (Odysseus’s son). Telemachus’s mother has so many suitors at her palace wanting to marry her. Telemachus and Athena (disguised) go to an old family friends house and asks for help. Athena tells Telemachus to go find his dad. (2-3) There was an assembly for the suitors and everyone. They are making Penelope marry someone. She says she will pick someone after she is done weaving something.... [tags: war, gods, prophet]
1391 words (4 pages)
- In Stephen Stondheim’s musical, Sweeny Todd, Sweeny Todd says, “These are desperate times, Mrs. Lovett, and they call for desperate measures.” Todd and Lovett decide to make and market meat pies. The catch to their plan is the meat will be human. Sweeny Todd focuses on the decisions people make in desperate times. While normally no mentally stable individual would consider making pies out of human meat, the characters feel they will be unable to conquer their financial situation by any other means.... [tags: Character Analysis ]
1673 words (4.8 pages)
- Calypso and Circe The islands of Circe and Calypso in Homer’s Odyssey are places where Odysseus’ most challenging problems occur. In contrast to battles with men, Cyclops, or animals, sexual battles with women are sometimes much more difficult to win. These two female characters are especially enticing to Odysseus because they are goddesses. Though it is evident that Odysseus longs to return to Penelope in Ithaka, it sometimes appears that he has lost vision of what life was like with a wife, a son, and with thousands of people who regard him as King.... [tags: Homer Odyssey Essays Papers]
874 words (2.5 pages)
- Odysseus in The Hero and the Goddess and Calypso and Circe Reflections on the experience of Odysseus as related to Jean Houston's The Hero and the Goddess: The Odyssey as Mystery and Initiation and Alicia LeVan's Calypso and Circe On the lush, luxuriant island of Ogygia, Odysseus spends seven years of his ten year journey home with the beautiful seductive nymph Calypso, who virtually possesses him and compels him to live a sensual but vegetative existence. For ten years, surrounded by men, he lived out the male heroic ideal of warrior, then spent several years further testing himself against otherworldly obstacles.... [tags: Goddess Calypso]
2053 words (5.9 pages)