The epic poem opens with the muse recounting Odysseus’ plight in his homecoming from the Trojan war, and from the first passage alone we learn that females are making life impossible for godlike Odysseus, as he cries for his beautiful wife—Penelope— while held captive by the even more beautiful goddess—Calypso. “Only Odysseus / still longed to return to his home and his wife. / The nymph Calypso, a powerful goddess- / And beautiful- was clinging to him / In her caverns and yearned to possess him” (1:16-20). The fabled Greek hero has extended affairs with two different goddesses on his journey home—Calypso and Circe. His experiences with both goddesses serve as obstacles and markers for Odysseus’ weaker moments in the poem. Calypso holds Odysseus captive for nearly seven years in hopes of marrying him. Even when Hermes sends orders from Zeus for Odysseus’ liberation, the goddess coaxes the hero to stay with her as her immortal husband. She uses her sexual appeal and...
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...kings, veterans, and sailors who all play different roles in the story, I would say that men are not as differentiated in society as women are. The theme of women domineering the action in the story is fostered through Athena, Penelope, Calypso, and Circe’s intricate relationships with the male protagonists. Without Athena’s push, Telemachus would probably not show the dominance over the suitors nor take the initiative of searching for his father as he does. Without Penelope’s allegiance to Odysseus, Odysseus could consider his many options to stay with new women and never return to Ithaca. Without Circe and Calypso’s obstacles, it would be harder for Odysseus to show his attributes of loyalty and cleverness. This interplay makes the epic more stimulating. Women of different societal roles hold an unquestionable power in Greek society that is impossible to overlook.
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- Homer makes The Odyssey out of many smaller books each with their own theme and story that add to the entirety of the meaning of the Epic. Within these books, Homer exposes the effects the war has on human nature by symbolizing the consequences of war as monsters, who, as the story continues, gain more human appearances until Homer reveals that Odysseus himself is one of the consequences of war. Homer, make it clear that war’s most important consequence is the loss of civilization. This follows one of Homer 's more prominent themes throughout his epic, the idea that civilization is what makes people human.... [tags: Odyssey, Odysseus, Trojan War, Homer]
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