Up to this point in The Odyssey, Homer has introduced several characters, including the gods, Telemachus, Odysseus, and several more. The Gods first appear when they discuss what they should do about Odysseus’s turmoil as he attempts to get home to his wife and, now grown, son. Afterward, Athena appears to Telemachus as Mentor, an old companion of his father, Odysseus. She convinces Telemachus that he should set sail in order to find out if his father is dead or alive and also to take back control of his father’s kingdom from his mother, Penelope’s, suitors. Upon confrontation by Telemachus, Antinous, one of Penelope’s suitors, informs Telemachus of Penelope’s deception toward them. After hearing this, Telemachus continued to stand up for his mother, and he set sail shortly after. He goes to see King Nester, who recalls what it was like during the Trojan War, and tells Telemachus to be strong and brave, like his father. The Gods met again and discussed Odysseus’s being held captive by Calypso. Zeus sent his son Hermes, the messenger of the Gods, to tell Calypso that she must release Odysseus at once. Calypso reacts vividly to this, stating that the gods are unfair in their treatment of gods and goddesses. Calypso then informs Odysseus of his release. During the conversation between Odysseus and Calypso in book 5, Homer uncovers to us the significance of a man 's mind and the deception of others so as to help yourself, as well as the notability of one’s determination to persevere.
Calypso begins her discussion with Odysseus by saying, “Good luck to you, even so. Farewell! / But if you only knew, down deep, what pains / are fated to fill your cup before you reach that shore, / you’d stay right here, preside in our house with me /...
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... endure to get there.
Throughout The Odyssey’s fifth book, Odysseus---Nymph and Shipwreck, Homer reveals the importance of one’s need for compliments to aspire to his/her notion of self-worth through his use of Odysseus building Calypso up with compliments. Also, he illustrates the importance of using one’s mind to help themselves in a difficult situation when he tells us of the white lies Odysseus tells Calypso so she won’t become angry and prevent him from leaving. The last concept that Homer displays in book 5 is the idea of strong determination and perseverance. Through his description of Odysseus’s words “bring the trial on” he reveals the importance of having a strong willpower for oneself in order to continue moving forward instead of being held back by fears and turmoil. We will all face troubles in our lives, but as Odysseus says, “bring the trial on!”
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