Within the Odyssey Athena has been given the role of mentor. Through guiding Telemachus and Odysseus she portrays a psychological aspect within the Homeric poem and presents her overall role. As illustrated above Athena motivates Telemachus through maturity and aids in helping him become a man. Without motivation Telemachus would not have felt inclined to take charge and become an authoritative voice. It is described that “Athena puts strength into Telemachus through her poetic utterances, giving advice and encouragement…” (Rojcewicz). By uttering words of strength and giving hope within doubt Athena pushes the plot forward and allows the poem to unfold rather than constricting the boundaries which Telemachus has set for himself. From the sources found I hope to achieve a complex background as to how Athena’s role of psychological presence enables the plot as well as aids in the maturity of Telemachus.
The Wrath of Athena: Gods and Men in the Odyssey demonstrates strong and provocative points in relation to Athena’s main role. Jenny Clay’s book can be summarized into five main groups. The opening of the book highlights the first and defining lines of the Odyssey paying particular attention towards prayer and the significance o...
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...in and Rojcewicz’s articles are similar in content and produce vital reasoning to support my initial idea of Athena’s character. From Clay’s book I initially intended to find a larger connection or perspective of Athena and Telemachus’ relationship towards each other. What I found instead was the relationship of Odysseus and Athena. Clay informs how men and gods are closely linked together, while the last two sources focus on the idea of Athena and Telemachus being closely related in a teacher, student relationship. Athena and Telemachus published in 2007 focuses on the psychological aspect of Athena and later is further developed in 2009 through Psychotherapy in the Odyssey. It can also be said that the article published in the 90’s has been largely separated from their original viewpoint of a connection between Odysseus and Athena instead switching to Telemachus.
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