In a letter that George Orwell wrote five years before publishing Nineteen Eighty-Four, he states that “Hitler can say that the Jews started the war, and if he survives that will become official history” (“George Orwell’s Letter”). World War II was currently ongoing during Orwell’s era - leading up to the Cold War - with the ruthless dictator, Adolf Hitler, threatening to take over the world. Hitler was everywhere, conquering and capturing countries in his path. He had immense power. He could do whatever he wanted with no restrictions - because who dared to stand up against Hitler? He could say that this specific event was true, and people would have to - or be forced to - believe that it was. Otherwise, they would perish for contradicting against him. Orwell conjures up Big Brother in his book to resemble those with too much power - such as Hitler - and how they use that advantage to inflict total control upon people. He intentionally makes Big Brother recognizable so that readers understand how citizens seized under dictatorship are unable to freely think for themselves or be free at all. Even the slogan, “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU,” is repeatedly hammered into the citizens’ minds, so that no matter what they’re doing, or where they go, they consciously always know that he is always watching (Orwell 1.1.2). There is no free will with leaders like Big Brother and Hitler..
During Orwell’s life-time, he had already seen the stricken effects of poverty, and the abuse of power that occurred within totalitarian countries such as Spain, Germany and the Soviet Union (“George Orwell Timeline”), Tyranny was running rampant in countries like Germany and the Soviet Union, with Hitler and Stalin controlling those countr...
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...through in technology for their own personal interests and agendas. With Nineteen Eighty-Four, he was able to express this discomfort through the telescreens. The Thought Police were able to monitor their citizens twenty-four-seven through the invention of telescreens. Although it was possible for Inner Party members to turn their telescreens off for a limited amount of time, playback of conversations recorded while the monitor was off was still possible. Outer Party members had no knowledge of this and if they had, no one would dare to attempt such an act because it would only raise suspicion. If they were loyal to Big Brother and had nothing to hide, why would they turn it off in the first place? Orwell warns how with this advantage over their citizens, privacy would be extinct as technology is used to benefit vile dictators and their equally negative government.
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