Analysis Of George Orwell 's ' 1984 ' Essay

Analysis Of George Orwell 's ' 1984 ' Essay

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1984 was written in 1948 and published in 1949 by Eric Arthur Blair under the pen name ‘George Orwell’. It is set in the year 1984 in Airstrip One, which is a province in the country of Oceania. The world is in a constant state of war between Oceania, and the other two countries, Eurasia and Eastasia. Oceania is controlled by English Socialism, or INGSOC in Oceania’s language, Newspeak. The powerful Inner Party controls the country using omnipresent surveillance, and manipulation. Every part of life is regimented and controlled, but the only crime is ‘thoughtcrime’: independent thinking and individualism. Big Brother is the figurehead of the Inner Party, and throughout the book, it is heavily implied that he may not really exist. The people are divided into Inner Party members, who control the government, Outer Party members, who make up the middle class, and Proletarians, or Proles, who make up the uneducated lower class. The people are divided as follows: 85% are Proles, 13% are Outer Party members, and 2% are Inner Party members.
Winston is the main character of the novel. He is a middle aged, intelligent man who works diligently for the Ministry of Truth, which deals with the falsifying of historical documents, but secretly harbors a deep hatred for the party and Big Brother.
Winston secretly begins a journal which he hides in his apartment in a nook where the ‘telescreen’, which is essentially a TV plus camera. He writes in it denouncing the Party and Big Brother. By doing this he commits thoughtcrime. He fears greatly the consequences of this action, if he were to be caught by the Thought Police.
There is a woman named Julia who works in the same department as he who he hates vehemently from the start of the book. She is ...


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...eek.” (Orwell, 1948) This implies that Hate Week is a bit of an event, it almost implies celebration. Orwell deliberately uses this to confuse the reader as to how something called ‘Hate Week’ could even be neutral, much less good. This is an example of Orwell’s use of ethos because it calls the morality of Hate Week into question.
In conclusion, Orwell did write 1984 because of World War II, as an argument against totalitarianism. I think that Orwell’s use of strong but subtle ethos and pathos arguments in his depictions of the world that Winston lives in is effective in convincing the reader against totalitarian governmental structures. His subtle association of The Party and Big Brother with negativity cause the reader to be swayed without knowing it. In addition to this, a strong moral (ethos) argument cements the reader’s opinion of totalitarianism as negative.

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Analysis Of George Orwell 's ' 1984 ' Essay

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