Analysis of Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis

Analysis of Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis

Length: 1050 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
‘When Gregor Samsa woke up one morning from unsettling dreams, he found himself changed in his bed into a monstrous vermin’. Kafka begins his most famous work of literature with a peculiar yet effective first sentence. The statement is simple in nature but its meaning is much bolder and as a result Kafka is able to grab his readers’ attention. The reader has to contemplate what this could mean and consequently ask ‘why’ such an incident took place. Kafka is very effective in engaging his audience into his text and therefore readers go on to find out more about the peculiar man who turned into a ‘monstrous vermin’.
It can be seen that Gregor may have known about his metamorphosis subconsciously as he was having ‘unsettling dreams’ which show that his mind was never at rest. The use of the phrase ‘monstrous vermin’ gives readers an open floor to choose what sort of ‘vermin’ Gregor could be. The phrase is said to be ‘lost in translation’ as there are many similar translations. The sentence is so obscure that for a while it is hard to grasp hold of the concept of the text.
After attaining his readers attention Kafka goes onto describing Gregor’s new physical state. It is thus established that Gregor is the main character of the story. Gregor’s new body ‘which was as hard as armour’ can be seen as a protecting net for him; possibly preparing him for his troublesome future.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Analysis of Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis." 123HelpMe.com. 26 Mar 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=168621>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Analysis Of Franz Kafka 's The Metamorphosis

- Narrator’s Role in The Metamorphosis The point of view that is used in Franz Kafka 's short story The Metamorphosis is that of a third person narrator. The narrator of the story is not a character who appears in the story, but is a witness to all of the events. At the beginning of the story, the narrator is a subjective and limited narrator. The narrator is able to display to the reader all of the thoughts and feelings of Gregor but is not able to depict to the reader the feelings of the other members of the Gregor’s family....   [tags: The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka, Gregor Samsa]

Research Papers
1178 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Analysis Of The Book ' Metamorphosis ' By Franz Kafka

- Gregor’s Guilt Guilt can kill even the strongest people. In the book Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka, Gregor Samsa chose to isolate himself from society because of his busy life and job. This book is viewed off of the term existentialism in which every choice one makes will affect them in one way or another in the future. Through this job, his family, and the transformation Gregor experiences a large amount of guilt. Gregor did not like his job but due to the fact that he felt the need to support his family, Gregor continued on with his career as long as he could....   [tags: The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka, Gregor Samsa]

Research Papers
1257 words (3.6 pages)

Analysis of Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis Essay

- Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis is so strikingly absurd that it has engendered countless essays dissecting every possible rational and irrational aspect of the book. One such essay is entitled "Kafka's Obscurity" by Ralph Freedman in which he delves down into the pages of The Metamorphosis and ferrets out the esoteric aspects of Kafka's writing. Freedman postulates that Gregor Samsa progresses through several transformations: a transformation of spatial relations, a transformation of time, and a transformation of self consciousness, with his conscious mutation having an antithetical effect on the family opposite to that of Gregor....   [tags: Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis]

Research Papers
1748 words (5 pages)

Essay about Analysis of Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis

- ‘When Gregor Samsa woke up one morning from unsettling dreams, he found himself changed in his bed into a monstrous vermin’. Kafka begins his most famous work of literature with a peculiar yet effective first sentence. The statement is simple in nature but its meaning is much bolder and as a result Kafka is able to grab his readers’ attention. The reader has to contemplate what this could mean and consequently ask ‘why’ such an incident took place. Kafka is very effective in engaging his audience into his text and therefore readers go on to find out more about the peculiar man who turned into a ‘monstrous vermin’....   [tags: Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis]

Free Essays
1050 words (3 pages)

Analysis of Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis Essay example

- "Metamorphosis": The story of a traveling salesman who, shortly after returning home, awakens one day to discover that he has literally changed into a gargantuan insect incapable of communication. Upon the initial scanning of this story a reader might think this is the plain and simple case, but on further examination will find that this is not what the story is about at all. Although focusing on and told from Gregor's point of view and what is happening to him, don't be fooled though, this is actually a story about Grete....   [tags: Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis]

Free Essays
1025 words (2.9 pages)

Social Analysis of Franz Kafka's the Metamorphosis Essay

- Social Analysis of Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis Franz Kafka was not Jewish; Franz Kafka was not Czech, Franz Kafka only identified himself by his own perception of life, and a reality of his own creation. Kafka's family, a prosperous middle class home of economic strivers, embraced the German Jewish circles of Prague, seeking to assimilate with language and Jewish culture. Kafka, in the traditional manner he is remembered, was born into a middle class Czech family in Prague however; he most memorably reflects his personal alienation from cultural and famial identity throughout his literary works....   [tags: European Literature]

Research Papers
2904 words (8.3 pages)

Analysis Of Franz Kafka 's ' Metamorphosis, ' Who Am I ' Essay

- Franz Kafka illustrates in his book the struggle that most humans have throughout their life: ‘Who am I?’ He demonstrates this through his radical and exaggerated formation of The Metamorphosis, a man becoming a bug; or a bug always thinking he was a man, then realizing that he is and always has been a bug. This bug, Gregor Samsa, goes through an immense psychological realization at the beginning of the book; he had been deceived by his own mind from the beginning of his life. Throughout Gregor’s Metamorphosis, Gregor experiences the loss of his self actualization, recognition, belonging, security, and physiological needs....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Abraham Maslow]

Research Papers
1045 words (3 pages)

Analysis Of Kafka 's ' The Metamorphosis ' Essay

- The Metamorphosis is a novella byFranz Kafka, first published in 1915. It has been called one of the seminal works of fiction of the 20th century and is studied in colleges and universities across the Western world. The story begins with a traveling salesman, Gregor Samsa, waking to find himself transformed (metamorphosed) into a large, monstrous insect-like creature. The cause of Gregor 's transformation is never revealed, and Kafka himself never gave an explanation. The rest of Kafka 's novella deals with Gregor 's attempts to adjust to his new condition as he deals with being burdensome to his parents and sister, who are repelled by the horrible, verminous creature Gregor has become....   [tags: The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka, Gregor Samsa]

Research Papers
1023 words (2.9 pages)

Analysis Of Kafka 's ' The Metamorphosis ' Essay

- Family Destruction Franz Kafka 's novella The Metamorphosis clearly shows the existence of family dynamic. In a better understanding what this refers to is how family members interact and relate one another. Family dynamic can relate to many situations whether it is good or bad. In many which can be influenced by communication, behavior, emotions and so forth. Usually, people desire love and support from their own family no matter the circumstances....   [tags: The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka, Mother, Family]

Research Papers
1383 words (4 pages)

Analysis Of Kafka 's ' The Metamorphosis ' Essay

- What is Metamorphosis. Is it the title of Kafka’s story or it a word that means “a complete change of physical form or substance”(“Metamorphosis”). Well let me tell you that it is all of the above. A metamorphosis is not just some kind of physical change that happens to a person. A metamorphosis is also the mental, social, and physical change that a person goes through. In Kafka’s story “The Metamorphosis” this change is defined by Gregor and his sister, Grete. While Gregor may define the dictionary definition, his sister is the essence of a metamorphosis....   [tags: The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka, Gregor Samsa]

Research Papers
2408 words (6.9 pages)

Related Searches

The cover that refuses to stay on top of him can be linked to how society could not fulfil his purpose. ‘The blanket, ready to slip off altogether’, this ‘slip’ is followed through the whole text as we see how society was cruel and very arrogant at that time. There are constant references throughout the text where we see that the family takes into account what society thinks and what they will be talking about rather than thinking about Gregor. For example, the lodgers that are staying in the house don’t realise Gregor lives in the room next door until he physically leaves it and appears in the parlor. We also see that Gregor has no control over the situation as he is so engrossed in the music that he does not realise what he has done. This can be related back to the beginning of the text where Gregor is laying in his bed with his ‘numerous legs, flickering helplessly before his eyes’. The helplessness of the movement of his legs shows how little control he has over his new state.
Kafka then moves onto the setting of Gregor’s whereabouts after he ensures that we have a vague idea of Gregor’s state. In his aware state Gregor seems to not understand his transformation, ‘What’s happened to me’, this contrasts with his subconscious state where we are made aware that he has some idea of his transformation. However, there is no point in which we see Gregor really question his metamorphosis in terms of panic or fear. He seems to go along with the change as if it is common for a human to turn into a bug. Kafka however, does show that only Gregor has been transformed by clearly stating that Gregor’s room was ‘a real room meant for human habitation’. It is therefore made clear that Gregor’s room is the focal setting of the story. Most parts of the story take place either in Gregor’s room or around his room. The whole story is basically set in the apartment the family lives in. ‘His room though a little too small, lay peacefully within its four familiar walls.’ We are later told that Gregor’s room is in the centre of the apartment and all rooms surround it. From this we can see the introduction of the main theme of entrapment that Kafka later integrates into the rest of the story as well. Gregor is locked in his room after his family sees him in his new form. Whenever he does try to leave the room he is pushed back in by the rest of the family because they can’t bear to see him. This leads us into the theme of alienation that is also presented in the beginning of the text with Gregor being seen in a sense as in a cage because his family is surrounding his room trying to get him to talk to them as if he is some sort of animal at the zoo.
The weather is also significant as it is mentioned throughout the text. In the opening of the story Kafka presents the weather as ‘dismal’ which also represents Gregors state of mind. It also shows the negativity that surrounds the lives of the Samsa family. Constant references are made to the weather where the weather is getting worse; this contrasts with the end where after Gregors death the family goes out in a car ‘brightly lit by the warm sun’. The change in weather shows the end of the negative period in the Samsa household that was brought on by Gregors transformation.
Kafkas style is also established from the beginning of the text. We see a lot of exaggeration in the first few paragraphs with ‘monstrous vermin’, ‘numerous legs’,. Kafka’s ability to make things seem worse than they are compliments Gregor’s life in the sense that Gregor’s life could have been seen very diffently yet Kafka shows us the perspective of alienation to the extreme.
Kafka also enforces humour throughout his novella. The first sentence is in a sense humourous because of how extreme it is. Also, the image of Gregor lying on his back, with his legs squirming in the air, creates a humorous vision. Similarly the scene in which Mr Samsa ‘pelts’ apples at Gregor can be considered humorous because apples are very unexpected as a weapon.
The opening of the novella holds a lot of importance for how the story is shaped out. Kafka presents everything in small bits as a beginning dose; each piece of information in the beginning paragraphs is developed later on in the text in more depth. He is able to present a story that from start to end is very consistent in style, theme and setting.
Return to 123HelpMe.com