Narrator’s Role in The Metamorphosis
The point of view that is used in Franz Kafka 's short story The Metamorphosis is that of a third person narrator. The narrator of the story is not a character who appears in the story, but is a witness to all of the events. At the beginning of the story, the narrator is a subjective and limited narrator. The narrator is able to display to the reader all of the thoughts and feelings of Gregor but is not able to depict to the reader the feelings of the other members of the Gregor’s family. The narrator is only able to share with the reader of the story the knowledge that Gregor possesses. This viewpoint, while it does not allow the reader full access to all of the details of the characters, plot and setting. The narration of The Metamorphosis is done in such a way that the reader is lead to believe the events of the story are normal everyday occurrences. These events are presented as plain facts and not left open for much interpretation.
The narrator’s use of irony in The Metamorphosis is to help the reader understand what Gregor is experiencing. Gregor’s transformation is humanly impossible but Gregor barely views it as an inconvenience and starts to concern himself with the weather and his career. As this transformation is presented to other characters they react similarly and go about their days as planned. The use of this irony is to help the narrator make these events seem so outlandish that they have be happening and simply could not be made up.
The narrator begins by presenting the readers with climactic facts that give the reader no other choice but to believe these events are actually happening. “One morning, when Gregor Samsa woke from troubled dreams, he found himself transformed i...
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...ted and unusual reactions. When Gregor first awakens to find himself transformed into an insect and has no real concern over that but more focused on work to his family barely batting an eye to the fact he is dead and actually seeming more relieved are types of dramatic irony that Kafka used to make readers feel more compassion towards Gregor.
After Gregor’s death the narrator has to make a transformation of their own. The narrator was telling the story from Gregor’s point of view, telling the readers Gregor’s thoughts and feelings. After Gregor’s the narrator is now able to reveal the thoughts of Gregor’s family. For example, after the death of Gregor, the narrator reveals to the reader that his parents are looking forward to the day when they can find a husband for their daughter. This is something that could not have been revealed by the previous limited narrator.
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