Analysis Of Franz Kafka 's ' Metamorphosis, ' Who Am I ' Essay

Analysis Of Franz Kafka 's ' Metamorphosis, ' Who Am I ' Essay

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Franz Kafka illustrates in his book the struggle that most humans have throughout their life: ‘Who am I?’ He demonstrates this through his radical and exaggerated formation of The Metamorphosis, a man becoming a bug; or a bug always thinking he was a man, then realizing that he is and always has been a bug. This bug, Gregor Samsa, goes through an immense psychological realization at the beginning of the book; he had been deceived by his own mind from the beginning of his life. Throughout Gregor’s Metamorphosis, Gregor experiences the loss of his self actualization, recognition, belonging, security, and physiological needs. His situation had taken away all the basic psychological needs of any human as illustrated by Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.
Gregor Samsa wakes up to his horrific nightmare come true. Samsa sees that he is a bug and has the choice to go to work or to stay home and avoid his responsibilities. He had been the provider for his family for ages and had never missed a day of work. Samsa begins to lose his ability to control his own destiny. He can’t go to work, in turn, he can’t provide for his family; he has lost all need for himself, he has lost his self actualization. The need for his help and his self motivation has faded.
Samsa starts to lose everything he worked for including his furniture, his family 's recognition, his customers’ recognition, his maid, his family 's trust. Gregor had lost his ability to earn money. This level recognition of is a huge part of oneself validation of the cognisance he receives around him, through physical and valuable means. He listened to his family 's bickering and threats of moving to a smaller house. Gregor had lost his recognition from others and does not feel as if ...


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... move out of his house. He has lost everything that filled his physiological needs, and that is the basis of his being.
The book The Metamorphosis describes a depressing tale of a bug that finds out his whole life is in ruins. Gregor Samsa loses all aspects of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, which is described in five basic steps: self actualization, recognition, belonging, security, and physiological needs. Gregor Samsa had all of these levels taken away from him and ultimately comes to the same conclusion as Maslow. Without these five levels, a man cannot psychologically convince himself that living is worth the struggle. Gregor comes to this point of having none of these pieces and decides that he, and his family, would be better off without a Gregor Samsa in the world. He then starves himself to death to end this tragic illustration of our psychological needs.

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