Analysis Of Descartes 's ' Descartes ' Essay

Analysis Of Descartes 's ' Descartes ' Essay

Length: 1062 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview



Descartes believes God exists and plays a key role in his belief that he is a thinking thing residing in a material world. God’s existence is an innate idea we are born with. This idea explains how our clear and distinct reasoning leads us towards knowledge. Descartes believes God to be a perfect being, so he cannot deceive us. Since he has a perfect knowledge and supplies us with truth in this world, we must believe we reside in a material world.
Descartes sets apart ideas into three distinct categories: Innate, Factitious (self-evident), or Adventitious. Adventitious ideas are unique in the way they do not originate from within a human; rather they are a culmination of many sense experiences. An example of this can be seen in the idea of heat, by constantly being around a flame you can derive the idea of heat, because the air is noticeably warmer than the air not circulating around a flame. Adventitious ideas revolve around sense experience, and since he has not had an encounter with God he cannot prove this to be the birth of his idea. It also cannot be factitious or self creating because all human beings are finite. Descartes describes God as, “…eternal, infinite, [immutable], all-knowing, all-powerful, and the creator of all things that are out of himself.” (Page159) Since Descartes is finite he does not contain the capability of producing infinite thoughts such as God, unless, it was placed there by some substance that in reality is infinite This principle of understanding revolves around sufficient reasoning, stating a cause must have as equal of importance as its effect. We know Descartes has an idea of God, and there had to be a cause for this idea. Since cause and effect have the same importance it only makes sense ...


... middle of paper ...


...e concludes the active power is not within himself, so the active power of sense must originate from somewhere else: God or the Material World. Descartes claims he has been naturally fitted with a strong inclination that is clear and distinct to believe in the material world. He then wonders if this great inclination is deceptive—then God is a deceiver. We know this to be untrue from the argument of the deceiver in Meditation III, we addressed previously. We know and have proved God is not a deceiver, so we can approve and support the strong inclination that there is in fact a material world around us.
Descartes sums his revelation up into this statement, “…I now understand nothing more than God himself, or the order of disposition established by God in created things; and by my nature in particular I understand the assemblage of all that God has given me.” (p.178)

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Analysis Of Rene Descartes 's Meditations On First Philosophy Essay

- Rene Descartes was a French Philosopher who wrote the book, Meditations on First Philosophy. There are six meditations, the last one is named, The essence of material things, and the real distinction between mind and body, in the sixth meditation. In the previous meditations he already conjectured that he had a mind because he is a thing that thinks and to think is to have a mind and to think is to also exist. Descartes believes that physical things exist because they are pure mathematics, and he can see them clearly and distinctly....   [tags: Mind, Ontology, René Descartes, Consciousness]

Strong Essays
1055 words (3 pages)

Analysis of Descartes’ Mind/Body Distinction Essay

- In his Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes states “I have a clear and distinct idea of myself, in as far as I am only a thinking and unextended thing, and as, on the other hand, I possess a distinct idea of body, in as far as it is only an extended and unthinking thing”. [1] The concept that the mind is an intangible, thinking entity while the body is a tangible entity not capable of thought is known as Cartesian Dualism. The purpose of this essay is to examine how Descartes tries to prove that the mind or soul is, in its essential nature, entirely distinct from the body and whether or not he is successful....   [tags: Descartes Meditation One 2014]

Strong Essays
1172 words (3.3 pages)

Analysis Of Descartes 's ' Descartes ' Essay

-   Descartes believes God exists and plays a key role in his belief that he is a thinking thing residing in a material world. God’s existence is an innate idea we are born with. This idea explains how our clear and distinct reasoning leads us towards knowledge. Descartes believes God to be a perfect being, so he cannot deceive us. Since he has a perfect knowledge and supplies us with truth in this world, we must believe we reside in a material world. Descartes sets apart ideas into three distinct categories: Innate, Factitious (self-evident), or Adventitious....   [tags: Mind, Ontology, Existence, Epistemology]

Strong Essays
1062 words (3 pages)

Analysis Of Descartes ' Dream Argument Essay

- You stop to observe the goings on of your day, things that are mundane and nothing out of the ordinary. How can you prove that what you are seeing is not all but a dream. According to Descartes’ Dream Argument, it is impossible to tell with Cartesian, or absolute, certainty that any given experience is not a dream. While we may believe what we perceive to be true, it is not always wise to trust our senses, as they have tendencies to fail us. Because perception begins at the senses, if we cannot trust them to be accurate one hundred percent of the time, there is no way to tell if any given moment is dreamed or reality....   [tags: Epistemology, Mind, Dream, Truth]

Strong Essays
1001 words (2.9 pages)

Analysis Of Descartes 's Meditations, By Rene Descartes Essay

- In “Meditations,” Rene Descartes presents the idea on whether we can be certain we know what we think we know. To demonstrate this, Descartes presents three stages of doubt. The first stage of doubt he presents is the senses argument, followed by the dream argument and finally the voluntarist argument. Each stage of doubt is compelling since it shows that many of the information can easily be dubitable. After Descartes is finished analyzing what is dubitable and indubitable he begins to construct the proof of God’s existence....   [tags: Mind, Epistemology, Ontology, Existence]

Strong Essays
1272 words (3.6 pages)

Essay about The Nature of Knowledge: Socrates, Descartes and The JBT Analysis

- In Plato’s Theaetetus, Socrates examines the first definition of knowledge that theaetetus gives that knowledge is perception. Socrates gives us many example that both supports and refutes that knowledge is perception. The basic claim from Protagoras is that truth is based on the perception of every man. This means that things are to any person as they seem to that person. Socrates explains to us Protagoras’s view with the cold wind example. He say that through Protagoras theory, the wind is cold to the person that feels cold, and the wind is warm to the person that feels warm....   [tags: Knowledge, Truth, Philosophy]

Strong Essays
1436 words (4.1 pages)

Analysis of Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy Essay

- Rene Descartes’ Meditations on First Philosophy Rene Descartes set the groundwork for seventeenth century rationalism, the view opposed by the empiricist school of thought. As a rationalist, Descartes firmly believed in reason as the principal source of knowledge. He favoured deduction and intellect over the senses and because of this he did not find comfort in believing that his opinions, which he had developed in his youth, were credible. It is for this reason that Rene Descartes chose to “raze everything to the ground and begin again from the original foundations,” (13)....   [tags: rationalism, doubt, knowledge]

Strong Essays
1319 words (3.8 pages)

Essay about A Different Reality Than You : An Analysis On Descartes ' Dream Theory

- This Essay Could be in a Different Reality Than You: An Analysis on Descartes’ Dream Theory The idea that reality, is in fact a dream (or simply not what we perceive it to be) is seen time and time again in our culture. Alice in Wonderland, The Matrix, and even Buffy the Vampire Slayer are all examples of how much influence this idea that we are living in a dream-like, revers-reality environment has affected us, as a culture. However, one of the original perpetrators of this science-fiction-esque theory was René Descartes....   [tags: Dreaming, Dream, Meditations on First Philosophy]

Strong Essays
1527 words (4.4 pages)

Analysis Of Rene Descartes 's ' The King Of Philosophy ' Essay

- ... In order to remove and discard the bad apples in a barrel full of them, all the apples must first be removed, before individually separating the good ones and returning them to the barrel. In a similar way, Descartes renounced all his beliefs and examined them one by one, in order to discard all biases, and find the correct beliefs before accepting them. After considerable postulation, Descartes arrived at the epiphany that the very fact that he was thinking and doubting the reality around him must mean that he exists somewhere, at the very least just as a mind if not as a physical being....   [tags: Philosophy, Mind, Metaphysics, Immanuel Kant]

Strong Essays
1147 words (3.3 pages)

Doubt and the Meditations Essay

- Within Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes undertakes a worthy goal: the discovery of the sources of doubt with the ultimate result being more truthful opinions, assertions, and arguments. Descartes was well ahead of his times, forging a pathway to more rigorous scholarship through the casting of doubt upon his “opinions”. Unfortunately, however, Descartes was either unable or unwilling to cast doubt upon his primary source of fallibility: his exaltation of all things cerebral and his concurrent disdain for the physical body....   [tags: Descartes, Book Analysis, Philosophy]

Strong Essays
1443 words (4.1 pages)