12 July 2015
Intro to Literature
Deceit Is Not The Way To A New Beginning
“A Doll’s House” is a story about a husband and wife, who are well off, and going through the Christmas holidays. Helmer, the Husband, is going to start a new job after the New Year. There is a strong focus on the marriage. In fact, when I first read "A Doll 's House," I thought marriage was the theme, but with closer examination now I realize the real theme is deceit. I will use examples from the play, symbolism, and character analysis to demonstrate this idea.
The first example of lying is when Nora comes back from being out and shopping for Christmas gifts. She has macaroons in her pockets, and has eaten a couple already. There is a rule in the house that Helmer has set, which is Nora is not allowed to eat macaroons because he is sacred it will rot her teeth (Act 1, Lines 55-62). There is no point in lying about this. However, this sets the tone for the rest of the play, and allows lying and deceit to snowball after this. The second example of lying, which really stands out, is when Krogstad has deposited a letter into the locked mailbox. This letter essentially holds the fate of Nora, because it tells of her misdeed towards Helmer. She tries to get the letter out. To do so, she must pick the lock. She tries to do this with a hairpin, but she fails in her attempt. Helmer notices this and says, “What is this? Someone has been at the lock.” Nora replies, “At the lock?” Helmer, “Yes, someone has. What can it mean? I should never have thought the maid. Here is a broken hairpin. Nora, it is one of yours.” Nora, “Then it must have been the children” (Act 3, 198-201). This is an important dialogue that really drives the deceit...
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...ing, Nora made Helmer give Ms. Linde a job. This skew of secrets and lies turns out to be tragic for Nora, as she can no longer deal with herself or actions when Helmer found out about the misdeed.
In conclusion, the audience can see that the theme is deceit. There are blatant examples of this. Such as the aforementioned quotes. These are direct lies to cover up misdeeds performed by Nora. There are not so blatant accounts of deceit too. For example, the Christmas tree. Although the symbol of the New Year is not a direct account of deceit it affected by the end of this because of the deceit. The letters controlled the outcome of this story because of blackmail and lies. Ultimately, with the analysis of the characters, especially Nora’s, the audience can see, from the beginning, that she was going to be a compulsive liar, shape the theme, and could foresee the ending.
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