Often called just “The Baltics”, many think of Estonia, Latvia,and Lithuania as just one big country. However this is wrong, the Baltics consist of three separate countries. This nick name was only given because each of these countries shares its coast with the Baltic Sea, hence the confusing group name Baltic republics. Equally important to note is the fact that the official name of Estonia is the “ Republic of Estonia”. (Otfinoski)
Climate and Land Features
Much of Estonia is surrounded by water. The Baltic Sea, and Gulf of Riga are to the west. Shared by Finland, Russia, and Estonia, The Gulf of Finland is to the north. The largest European transboundary lake lies between the eastern most part of Estonia and western Russia. This massive lake, Lake Peipus, has more than 30 rivers and streams discharging water into it. Over 1500 Islands dot the coast, Estonia’s mainland has over 1000 lakes and more than 7000 rivers. The fourth largest lake in all of Europe, Lake Peipus, is shared by Estonia and Russia. To the south is Estonia’s only bordering Baltic country, Latvia.
Amazingly, the smallest of the Baltic republics, Estonia, has the most dynamic and varied scenery. Stretching for 2,300 miles, Estonia has the longest coastline of the Baltics. Estonia has many beautiful attractions, Saaremaa, the “Windmill Island”, and Hiiumaa are the two largest Baltic islands. Due to the fact that Estonia is part of the East European Plain, much of the country is relatively flat. While only 10 percent of the country is over 300 feet in elevation, Estonia still has many distinct features, including both the highest point and biggest lake of the Baltic States. There are no mountains in the Baltics, but Estonia ...
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...he country is is somewhat lacking in religious conviction. This condition is probably due to the Russian influence during their occupation of Estonia since world war two. Russia was formerly a highly religious country until the Russian Revolution at the turn of the century when the soviets took control and outlawed religion. The population of Estonia seems to be slowly moving back toward its religious roots but it may take some time due to the damage done by the Soviet occupation.
Otfinoski, Steven. The Baltic Republics. New York: Facts On File, 2004. Print.
“Estonia” The World Factbook 2009. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency.
3 Jan. 2012
Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania. 1st American Ed. ed. New York: Dorling Kindersley, 2009.
Eyewitness Travel Guides. Print
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