An Outline for a Speech on The Life of Nelson Mandela

An Outline for a Speech on The Life of Nelson Mandela

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Attention Getter- Helped bring an end to apartheid and has been a global advocate for human rights. He was a leader of both peaceful protest and armed resistance against white minorities oppressive regime in a racially divided South Africa. His actions landed him in prison for nearly three decades and made him the face of the antiapartheid movement both within his country and internationally.
B. Relevance- Once he was released in 1990 he participated in the eradication of apartheid and in 1994 became the first black president of South Africa, under which he formed a multiethnic government to oversee the country’s transition. He also remained devoted champion for peace and social justice in his own nation and around the world until he died in 2013.
C. Credibility Statement- Credibility stems from the extensive research, and resources found regarding this topic.
D. Central Idea- Mandela was a revolutionary character throughout history.
E. Initial preview- Mandela went to the best schools in South Africa, which eventually led him into joining the African national congress and the resistance movement, and through those experiences guided him to be the president of South Africa.
Transition to 1st main point: First, let’s talk about the childhood and education of Mandela
II. BODY
A. Nelson Mandela was born 1918 into a Royal family in a South African village, after the death of his father he was groomed into the role within the tribal leadership. He was the first in his family to receive formal education, he excelled in boxing, track and as well as academics. He attended the elite University of fort Hare, the only western style higher learning institute in South Africa at the time.
B. This is relevant because It shows the brief journey he through before joining the African national congress.
C. Source – According to “Long walk to Freedom” The following year, he was sent home alongside other students for participating in boycott against university policies. After finding out his family had an arranged marriage for him, he fled to Johannesburg and worked as a watchman then later a law clerk.
Transition to 2nd point: Now that we’ve talked about his childhood/education, now we’re going to talk about the African national congress/resistance movement.

A. Nelson Mandela’s commitment to politics and the ANC grew stronger after the 1948 election victory of the Afrikaner dominated National Party, which formed a formal system of racial classification and segregation “apartheid” which restricted non whites basic rights and barred them from government.

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In 1961 Nelson Mandela co-founded the MK, a new armed wing of the ANC. Several years later during the trial that put him behind bars for nearly three decades, MK launched a sabotage campaign against the government. During his trial, he admitted to some of the charges against him while defending the ANC actions.
B. Relevant because it shows the bravery and the determination of Nelson Mandela and it is what sealed his iconic status.
C. Source- In the (Apartheid Foe) Nelson Mandela quotes “I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together. It’s ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve, but if needs to be, it’s an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”

Transition to point 3: Now that we’ve discussed his childhood/education and the ANC/Resistance, now let’s talk about his presidency.

A. Mandela was released from prison in 1990, after his released he led the ANC and other South African political organizations for an end to apartheid and an establishment of a multiracial government. In 1994 more than 22 million South Africans turned out to cast ballots in the countries first multiracial election. On May 10, Mandela was sworn in as the first black president of South Africa with former president De Klerk serving as his deputy.
B. It’s important because, it shows the impact he made on the country of South Africa and how he ended the racial tension and segregation.
C. Source- (Africa’s Liberator) “Mr. Mandela’s quest for freedom took him from the court of tribal royalty to the liberation underground to a prison rock quarry to the presidential suite of Africa’s richest country”
III. CONCLUSION
A. Transition: In conclusion: Mandela went through hell to end segregation and bring sense of equality to the country of South Africa.
B. Reinstate the central ideal: Nelson Mandela has proved to be a revolutionary character throughout history.
C. Final summary: Mandela went to the best schools in south Africa, which eventually led him into joining the African national congress and the resistance movement, and through those experiences guided him to be the president of South Africa.
D. After leaving office, Mandela has remained a devoted champion for peace and social justice in his own country and around the world


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