An investigation of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and the availability of social programs to address the psychological consequences and trauma resulting from IPV: An investigation comparing Sub-Saharan Africa Nigeria and Ghana with Canada.
Key words: Intimate Partner Violence, Domestic Violence, Violence against Women, Abuse, and Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
I would like to examine the psychological impact of Intimate Partner Violence on survivors, as well as to evaluate the programs that are available to deal with the emotional and psychological trauma that result from domestic violence. I observed that women in the abused women’s shelter, where I worked as a Frontline Social Service worker for five years, were often depressed. Some women would sleep for 24 hours, sometimes for up to two days at a time. Their experiences trigger depression, shame and fear. It was obvious that these women were traumatized; many of them reported that they felt depressed and powerless. As Frontline workers at the shelter, we often had to engage the women in productive and leisure activities in order to reduce isolation for fear that they may harm themselves. According to C.A. Courtois and J.D. Ford (2009) Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a condition that results from repeated trauma such as physical and emotional abuse, domestic violence and sexual abuse. C-PTSD is said to be an injury from a prolonged interpersonal trauma in which the victim had no control.
Courtois and Ford went on to state that the methods that a perpetrator uses to establish domination over a victim vary. Some of these methods are: violence, isolation and the humiliation of victims. They argue that these m...
... middle of paper ...
...d health problems related to IPV.
4) To determine the extent to which formal and informal support systems address the counseling/therapeutic needs of victims of IPV from the viewpoint of counselors, service providers, and counselees.
5) To develop measures that can be used to evaluate actual counseling/therapy sessions, measures such as depression, anxiety, social interaction, self-esteem, emotional regulation and assertiveness.
6) To do a primary evaluation of the various approaches of the different programs and agencies offering some level of culturally appropriate services through field research and literature review.
7) To do comparative studies to highlight positive and/or negative consequences of the different approaches identified in initial steps.
8) To compile the common pitfalls in existing resources, services and counseling approaches for IPV survivors.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is historically referred to as domestic violence. It describes a pattern of coercive and assaultive behavior that may include psychological abuse, progressive isolation, sexual assault, physical injury, stalking, intimidation, deprivation, and reproductive coercion among partners (The Family Violence Prevention Fund (FVPF), 1999). IPV leads to lifelong consequences such as lasting physical impairment, emotional trauma, chronic health problems, and even death. It is an issue effecting individuals in every community, regardless of age, economic status, race, religion, nationality or educational background.... [tags: psychological/physical/emotional,/sexual abuse]
1173 words (3.4 pages)
- Acculturation and intimate partner are risk factors.). According to Garcia, Hurwitz and Kraus (2005), the majority of Latinas who were classified at the lowest acculturation level were at risk. Intimate partner violence female targets are more prone to self soothe themselves by medicating themselves with alcohol in answer to the IPV; furthermore, a model mentioned both Mexicans American men and women recounted comparable rates of IPV abuse and battering (Cunradi 2009). At any rate, Latinas who had the smallest acculturation were not expected to notify authorities or seek help (Garcia, Hurwitz and Kraus, 2005).... [tags: Acculturation, Intimate Partner, Risk Factors]
1144 words (3.3 pages)
- 1.2- Young people and intimate relationship Young people especially the young women are influenced by what they see, whether it is peer pressure, the community or even social media. An example of this is, when they see their friends involved in a relationship they may also feel that its only right they also get in a relationship, this means, that they force themselves to be in a relationship that they are not ready to be in. Young girls easily fall in love and trust easily. Some of this can lead to them falling in love with the wrong person.... [tags: Domestic violence, Child abuse, Violence]
1378 words (3.9 pages)
- Economic and Political Context Long before its enactment on September 13, 1994, the foundation for the Violence Against Women Act was being constructed. More than 140 years ago, members of the U.S. government were working to end the injustice of violence against women when, in 1871, Alabama was the first state to make it illegal for a man to beat his wife (U.S. Department of Justice, 2010). In 1967, one of the first domestic violence shelters in the country opened its doors in Maine; and from that time until 1994, progress slowly but steadily continued.... [tags: violence prevention, criminal justice]
900 words (2.6 pages)
- “Typically, domestic violence has been considered a crime against heterosexual women. Yet, an increasing number of research studies have validated that women perpetrate violence as often as men in intimate relationships” (Russell 145). In an article written by Mark Mahnkey, he presents a story that describes the inaccuracy of how domestic violence disputes are handled within the courts. He writes, “A judge in New Mexico granted a restraining order against David Letterman for sending messages over the television to a woman in that state.... [tags: Domestic violence, Violence]
1016 words (2.9 pages)
- The article Witnessing Domestic Violence as a Child and Adulthood Emotionality: Do Adults “Feel” the Consequences of Exposure to Partner Abuse Later in the Life Course by Mckee and Payne made an hypothesis of how children witnessing domestic violence at home will influence their behaviors in the future. This study focused on the relationship between child witnessing abuse at home and the emotionally impact of adults. A random sample of telephone interviews is being used in this study to collect data from the respondents.... [tags: Violence, Domestic violence, Child abuse]
1160 words (3.3 pages)
- A justice-related issue that I see relevant to our society today is in relation to women who suffer from domestic violence/ battering. Batter Women Syndrome (BWS) has recently been reformed in the United States as the Batter Person Syndrome (BPS) to include men as potential victims of domestic violence/ batter. The term batter person syndrome has been recognized as a social issue and legal changes have taken place in the United States in order to protect individuals affected by domestic violence/ battering.... [tags: Domestic Violence, Battering, Women]
1100 words (3.1 pages)
- After I read the chapter, all I could say is the world’s really strange—maybe gone mad. First-off, it’s pretty disturbing when you think that love could actually be a key to homicide—that “love” itself could be the very root of motives for murder. Whenever I see the news on TV about intimate or family-related homicides, it awes me and makes me wonder how could they do such a thing. But anyway, I’ve observed that some do it to hide an affair from the spouse, some are for money, others are for authority (certain family status), and some are just for attention.... [tags: essays research papers]
1043 words (3 pages)
- There is no question that domestic violence directed against women is a serious problem. Former U.S. Surgeon General Dr. C. Everett Koop has called it women’s number-one health problem. The statistics reported in the popular press are staggering: Nearly one third of women in hospital emergency departments are there due to domestic violence, three out of four female homicide victims are killed by their husbands or lovers, and 6 million women are victims of abuse by people they know each year (Journal of the American Medical Association June, 1992).... [tags: Violence Against Women Essays]
2643 words (7.6 pages)
- Academic literature and public perceptions do not always come to a consensus on the topic of intimate partner violence. In fact, public perceptions of intimate partner violence are not always backed by research. For example, the public often frames intimate partner violence as a “woman’s issue.” While, it is true that intimate partner violence affects women more than men, intimate partner violence is not based on sex or gender. According to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011), within the United States, intimate partner violence affects more than one out of three women (35.6%), and more than one out of four men (28.5%).... [tags: Domestic violence, Violence, Child abuse, Gender]
1911 words (5.5 pages)