An Epidemic in America Essay

An Epidemic in America Essay

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Overweight and obesity became a National Health Priority Area in 2008 (Beaumont et al, 2012) and is defined by the World Health Organisation (2014) as “abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health”. As we know overweight and obesity are drastically increasing problems worldwide and have consequently reached epidemic status, thus proving to be one of the most important problems of public health. This is highlighted through the prevalence rates of the conditions among both adults and children, which is considerably more frequent in developed countries (Kyriazis et al, 2012). The proportion of obese adults worldwide has doubled during the 20 years between 1989–90 and 2009 (ABS 2010), with more than 10% of the world’s adult population being obese as of 2010 (WHO), however, according to the International Obesity Taskforce, one in every three adults in the world will be obese by 2025 if current trends continue. Furthermore, the overweight and obesity epidemic is complex and difficult to address as it is triggered by numerous biological, behavioural and environmental factors as well as having the potential to occur at all stages throughout the lifespan. Another reason for its complexity and difficulty in being addressed is that it increases the future risks of other chronic lifestyle diseases, including, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer (Shetty, 2013; Beaumont et al, 2012), contributing to an estimate of 7.6 per cent of the total of burden of disease in 2003 (AIHW, 2008). Given the significant burden of disease and costs caused to the healthcare system by overweight and obesity, it shows that overweight and obesity is an urgent public health problem of which needs to be addressed.
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...4. Retrieved from www.scopus.com
• Alberga, A. S., Sigal, R. J., Goldfield, G., Prud Homme, D., & Kenny, G. P. (2012). Overweight and obese teenagers: Why is adolescence a critical period? Pediatric Obesity, 7(4), 261-273. Retrieved from www.scopus.com
• Bozzola, M., Bozzola, E., Abela, S., & Amato, S. (2012). Childhood obesity: Know it to prevent it. Igiene e Sanità Pubblica, 68(3), 473-482. Retrieved from www.scopus.com
• Muckelbauer, R., Kalhoff, H., Müller-Nordhorn, J., & Kersting, M. (2011). Childhood overweight and obesity: Introduction into epidemiology and prevention strategies. Current Nutrition and Food Science, 7(3), 191-199. Retrieved from www.scopus.com
• Selassie, M., & Sinha, A. C. (2011). The epidemiology and aetiology of obesity: A global challenge. Best Practice and Research: Clinical Anaesthesiology, 25(1), 1-9. Retrieved from www.scopus.com

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