An Emissary Of The Byzantine Emperor Alexius Essay

An Emissary Of The Byzantine Emperor Alexius Essay

Length: 891 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In 1095 an emissary of the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I delivered a plea for help to Pope Urban II. In this plea Emperor Alexius I asked for a small contingent of elite knights to help take Jerusalem back from the Seljuk Turks. At the Council of Clermont Pope Urban II, seeing an opportunity for increased papal power and leadership over the Christian people, instead began calling for the bravest of knights and descendants of unconquered ancestors to liberate the Holy Land of the Islamic Infidels. He promised remission of sins: "All who die by the way, whether by land or by sea, or in battle against the pagans, shall have immediate remission of sins. This I grant them through the power of God with which I am invested" (Spielvogel 291) The people of the 11th century were violent people and in constant fear of their sins, but this ability to receive remission of their sins intrigued more than just the leaders, but the common masses. An example of this is Peter the Hermit who was a self appointed leader which was able to build a large army, perhaps as many as 20,000 people, through his preaching. This "Peasants ' Crusade" or "Crusade of the Poor" pillaged its way across Europe terrorizing locals and persecuting Jews. Upon approaching Nicaea they were massacred by the well trained and equipped Turk army.
The official crusader armies set off from France and Italy toward Constantinople between August and September 1096. In all, the western forces may have totaled as many as 100,000 people, counting both combatants and non-combatants. (Hindley 30) The people of these armies were not only driven by religious purpose. They were also driven by greed, searching for wealth, territory, status, possibly a title, and adventure. (Spielvog...


... middle of paper ...


...end, and no other Pope called for a Crusade.
Were these Crusades pre-emptive or a reactionary response to Islam? I believe the first crusade wasn 't either, but an opportunity for the increase of papal authority and power over the monarchs. The attempted attack on Damascus was pre-emptive and well warranted judging by Saladin 's capture of Jerusalem soon after, but all Crusades after this were reactive of the loss of the Holy Land. Though during the entire period of the Crusades the war in the name of God allowed political and religious leaders pursue their own agendas more freely. I believe the Crusades will always be of relevance as people feel the belonging to both state and religion. If a Crusade was called today there would still be those who answer the call. Whether this be for religious belief or for political opportunities leaders will answer the call.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Byzantine Empire Essay examples

- The Byzantine Empire Byzantium was an ancient Greek colony founded by a man named Byzas. This colony’s basic purpose was to serve as a trade point between Europe and Asia Minor. A man named Constantine was looking for a site to make a new Roman capital. What attracted Constantine to this place was the fact that he could control land and sea routes between Asia and Europe. Since the sea bordered the city on three sides, only one defense was required to enclose the city and it was done with a wall....   [tags: Byzantine Empire, Constantinople, Roman Empire]

Better Essays
1763 words (5 pages)

Greek Fire, the Most Powerful Weapon of Byzantine Army Essay

- "War is the father of all things."1 Volkman begins his book, Science Goes to War, with this quote from Heraclitus, the Greek philosopher. Volkman uses the quote to suggest that many, if not all, scientific advancements owe their birth to the desire for or the fear of war. Fire is undoubtedly a part of this advancement as Bert Hall points out, "Fire is one of the primordial forces of nature, and incendiary weapons have had a place in armies' toolkits for almost as long as civilized states have made war."2 Of all the tools at the disposal of the Byzantine Empire's military, the 'so called' Greek fire was the most important.3 Greek fire was a weapon system that allowed Byzantine ships, as e...   [tags: Byzantine Military ]

Better Essays
4479 words (12.8 pages)

Emperor Justinian: Builder of the Byzantine Legend Essay

- ?š The writing in Bold refers to the Works Cited page where the info came from Justinian was a Byzantine Emperor who helped to revitalize the Byzantine Empire that would leave a lasting legacy for Western Civilization. During Justinian?fs reign, the Byzantine Empire was at a time of decline. With Justinian?fs visions, he was able to lay out a foundation that would help the Byzantine Empire live for many years to come. Justinian (Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Justinianus) was born in 483 AD at Tauresium in Illyricum in the Balkans of what is now central Europe....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Free Essays
1274 words (3.6 pages)

Byzantine Achievement Essay

- In 285 CE, the Roman Empire was divided in two by the Emperor Diocletian leading to the creation of the Eastern and Western Roman Empires. Although, in the coming centuries, the Western Empire would struggle, before ultimately falling into barbarian hands, the Eastern empire (today referred to as the Byzantine Empire) would continue to exist, and thrive until its ultimate fall in 1453 CE. The success of the Eastern Empire was due to the highly desirable trade location of the capital, Constantinople, and a powerful sense of nationalism within the empire....   [tags: roman empire, emperor diocletian]

Better Essays
1958 words (5.6 pages)

The Roman Emperor Of The Christian People Essay

- If people were willing to risk their lives and property for loyalty to an intangible being and an emperor can convince these people of having been elected by this being, the potential power gained by this is impressive. For over 200 years Christians maintained their practices in the Roman Empire despite intermittent state sanctioned persecution including burning sacred texts, forcing them to fight in Coliseums for pagan entertainment, etc. Roman emperor Constantine ceased this persecution in 313 A.D., who in an effort to improve approval ratings in the empire, sought out a new group of constituents for support....   [tags: Byzantine Empire, Roman Empire, Christianity]

Better Essays
1343 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on The Byzantine Empire: A World Away from Rome

- The world was rapidly shifting into a period of wealth, and art where the finer things in life could be enjoyed and craftsmanship would be perfected. A few proclaim that the Roman’s engineering feats can be seen in Byzantine architecture, however, because the Byzantine empire was the leader in this transition into prosperity changing the face of religion, recreating Rome’s land and capitals, and finally changing the government and legal system, in this manner the Byzantine empire demonstrates how Justinian created a new empire, different from that of the Romans....   [tags: Rome, byzantine architecture, constantinople]

Better Essays
974 words (2.8 pages)

The Similarities between: The Byzantine Empire and Islamic Civilization

- Much of past civilizations have endured many failures and triumphs throughout their existence. In the third century, there were many civilizations that started to flourish. One of these civilizations that started to expand was the Byzantine civilization. The Byzantine civilization, also regarded as Byzantium, was part of the Roman Empire which was divided in 395 AD. Byzantium had shared the same attitude, as the Roman Empire, toward exercising its authority over its citizens and throughout its empire....   [tags: byzantine empire, islamic civilization]

Better Essays
668 words (1.9 pages)

Byzantine Art: Justinian and Hagia Sophia Essay

- One of the goals of Justinian emperor was to make sure he made a church that was bigger than all the others ever built. To achieve the goal, Justinian emperor hired the services of Isidore of Miletus who was a physicist and Anthemius of Tralles, who was a mathematician. The basilica was later used as a Roman Catholic cathedral (Mainstone 162). From Procopius account it is evident that Justinian was committed to construction. Most of his outstanding constructions were churches in Constantinople, which included the Hagia Sophia....   [tags: Hagia Sophia, Byzantine Art]

Free Essays
464 words (1.3 pages)

The Crusades and the Byzantine Empire Essay

- The Crusades and the Byzantine Empire The Byzantine Empire controlled most of the land on the Mediterranean Sea in the AD 500's. In the 600's, Arab Muslims conquered Palestine, which included Jerusalem and other sacred Christian areas. However, the Arab Rulers allowed Christians to visit the shrines. Later, in the 1000's, Sejuk Turks from Central Asia conquered this area. The Turks destroyed the Byzantines in 1071 and the Turks became Muslims. They made it hard for Christian Pilgrims to get to the holy places....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
763 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on The Emperor Jones

- The Emperor Jones In Eugene O'Neil's play, The Emperor Jones, he presents a crucial lesson to mankind: one should not pretend to be someone who he is not. Multiple repercussions may occur to someone who denies their background and race. For example, in The Emperor Jones, the character, Brutus Jones, dissembles as a free white man (Jones was really black and was supposed to be in slavery during that time). Because of Jones' denial, he encounters numerous illusions in the forest of his black heritage, which haunt him until he is finally killed by his natives, under the accusation of an insurgence against his people....   [tags: Emperor Jones Essays]

Free Essays
526 words (1.5 pages)