Summary of supporting evidence
Flashcards are a simple, versatile, and effective for learning skills like sounds, letters, historical dates etc. (Maheady & Sainato, 1985). Multiple intelligence theory that suggests appealing all the different learners at some point during class as there are many types of learners out there (Gardner, 2011). There are a significant proportion of learners who tend to more effective in visual learning than others where flashcard learning is the most appropriate. Flash cards impacts positively on learning and memory as they are usually bright and colorful learning tool (Huchendorf, 2007. A study by Agusti (n.d.) found flashcards being effective especially learning to read foreign language.
According to Frith (1985), children learn to read through three stages which are logographic (reading by recognizing the whole word), alphabetic (reading by recognizing letters), and orthographic (reading by recognizing groups of letters). Findings from Sprenger-Charolles, Siegel, Be´chennec & Serniclaes (2003) noted that learning to read requires children to build a system of connections between the letter strings of printed words (orthography) and the phonemic sequences that creates spoken words (phonology). Phonemic awareness has been noted the best predictor of reading skill among the children (Hulme et al., 2002). They also noted that knowledge of phonemes is closely related to knowledge of orthography; therefore, teaching emphasizing this connection should be more effective t...
... middle of paper ...
... of sound helps children learn about letter sequences when beginning to be taught to read.
Sinchi Sibri, J. P., & Sinchi Sinchi, T. E. (2011). Importance of using flashcards to learn basic English vocabulary in kindergarten
This paper outlines the use of flashcards, how they work, their advantages and limitations while learning to read basic vocabulary. This paper also reviews how children develop their reading skills through flashcard strategy.
Tan, A., & Nicholson, T. (1997). Flashcards revisited: Training poor readers to read words faster improves their comprehension of text. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89(2), 276.
This article provides evidence how flashcards can be used to train poor readers to read fast while understanding the semantic meaning. It is found from this study that fast readers possess better comprehension skills compared to poor readers.
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