An Article Revolving Around The Issues Of Deaf Essay

An Article Revolving Around The Issues Of Deaf Essay

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The BMC Health Services Research released an article revolving around the issues of Deaf and hard-of-hearing (Deaf / HH) individuals and the potential problems these individuals face during and after an emergency. There are approximately 48 million deaf, deaf-blind, and HH people living in the United States (BMC Health Services Research, 2013) and because these individuals represent a large number within the United States; developing emergency preparedness plans in deaf-serving community-based organizations (CBOs) is a task many emergency managers and representatives have overlooked. It is important to study the problem of not having preparedness plans directed towards Deaf / HH because this could lead to serious problems during an emergency. In deaf-serving COBs, emergency managers would need to devise a way for first responders to communicate with Deaf / HH individuals and develop a method that utilizes more visual aids oppose to communication through hearing. Based on research from BMC Health Services, the hypothesis of their research attempts to evaluate better methods to communicate with individuals with disabilities associated with deaf / HH and deaf-blindness to ensure these individuals are receiving the best possible service during an emergency.
Due to communication needs of individuals who are Deaf / HH, the way communication is conducting will vary depended on the severity of hearing loss and cultural orientation (BMC Health Services Research, 2013). Communication modes that exist are: American Sign Language (ASL), Signed Exact English (SEE), Pidgin Signed English (PSE), Cued Speech, lip-reading, and spoken English (BMC Health Services Research, 2013). Each of these modes allows for flow of communication between th...


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...ll sample size to study that was inherent in the United States state level analysis; as well as a small number of deaf-serving CBOs used in their research and the single evaluation of a training program (BMC Health Services Research, 2013). The researcher made it known that deafness is a relatively low occurrence disability and therefore, there was a small pool of deaf-serving CBOs to choose from in order to base their research across a wider spectrum (BMC Health Services Research, 2013). Only one peer review was utilized because of the lack of available instruments in which the researcher was able to work with and as a result, created a newly designed instrument that was pilot tested with experts in, and affiliated with, the deaf community. The reason behind the newly created instrument was out of necessity as there were none available at the time of the research.

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