My definition of euthanasia, which will count for every time that I use the term throughout the paper, is the taking of a human life that benefits the victim in one way or the other. For the sake of clarity, I will go into a short definition of what is meant by “benefit” in regard to the victim. I will look over the consequences of taking a life and who that action affects, either directly or indirectly. And finally I will use the works of great philosophers before me to strengthen my argument through examples that both agree with me as well as those that go against what I have to say.
Before I go into my argument, I will explain how the layout of the essay will support my thesis. I will begin by using the definition of euthanasia as a basis for the permissibility of the act. I will follow this small intro with a short discussion about the moral standing of comatose individuals and what role that plays in active euthanasia. At this point I will introduce the opinion of Pope John Paul II who does not agree with my position and I will counter his argument and through this strengthen my own. After my refutation I will use the works of James Rachels and Frances M. Kamm to ...
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...conclusion. In the case of a patient in severe pain, and with the patients consent, it is sometimes permissible to administer a drug with the intent of causing death. This is permissible because causing death is a lesser evil stopping the suffering of the patient is a greater good. I almost had to face the decision of ending my own father’s life when he was in a coma, and even though I would be unable to do it, it is permissible for someone to end his life if the coma resulted in him being in a vegetative state with no higher brain function. Active euthanasia should be permissible in the cases that I have presented and after experiencing the shock of seeing my own father in such a condition, I have come to defend active euthanasia.
Morris, Christopher W. Questions of Life and Death: Readings in Practical Ethics. New York: Oxford UP, 2012. Print.
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