An Analytical Review Of Two Child Development Theories Essay

An Analytical Review Of Two Child Development Theories Essay

Length: 1843 words (5.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

An analytical review of two child development theories, comparing their contribution to play therapy
For this assignment I have chosen Jean Piaget’s cognitive development theory and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development theory.
Jean Piaget (1896-1980) was born in Neuchatel, Switzerland. His father modelled an ardent commitment to his studies, a characteristic that Piaget followed from an early age. Piaget was known to have described his mother as being inclined to regular neurotic outbursts.
Eric Erikson (1902-1994) was born in Frankfurt, Germany. He never knew his own father and was raised by his mother and stepfather. He struggled with his identity during youth as he never felt fully accepted by his stepfather. However he did adopt his surname.
These details from Piaget’s and Erikson’s lives, perhaps help to demonstrate how personal experiences shape us and may influence the path we take in life. Possibly their experiences contributed to the course their theories took from their fundamentally different starting points.
Jean Piaget put forward a theory of cognitive development perspective on children’s development. His theory stated that “children actively construct their understanding of the world and go through four stages of cognitive development”. Each stage being dependent on age and comprising of particular ways of thinking. Through observation of children he developed these four stages, believing that all children go through them consecutively during their lifetime.
• In the first stage, sensorimotor, the child starts to build an understanding of its world by synchronising sensory encounters with physical actions. They become capable of symbolic thought and start to achieve object permanence.
• In the second stage, pre...

... middle of paper ...

...ions through toys. Erikson (2000) recognised the social aspects innate in play, even when children play alone. Solitary play provides children a chance to cope with emotional anxiety from social interactions. “The fact that a child can be counted on to bring into the solitary play arranged for him whatever aspect of his ego has been ruffled the most, forms the fundamental condition for our diagnostic reliance on ‘play therapy’” (Erikson, 2000, p.112).
Piaget’s and Erikson’s theories provide a theoretical basis for the importance of play in children’s cognitive, affective and social development. Both of them recognised the symbolic nature of play and as such provided a foundation for play as a therapeutic intervention with children. “The playing adult steps sideward into another reality; the playing child advances forward to new stages of mastery.” (Erikson, 2000)

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Academic Career As A Development Economist

- I am applying for the MS in Economics for Development to lay the groundwork for an academic career as a development economist. Following a BSc in Business Management from King’s College London, I currently study towards an MSc in Global Development at the University of Copenhagen, an interdisciplinary degree that comprises research methods, economics and some anthropology and political science. I view my interdisciplinary background as a strength because the social life that development economists study is rarely compartmentalised according to academic disciplines in the social science....   [tags: Economics, Economic growth, Development economics]

Strong Essays
1070 words (3.1 pages)

Child Development By John W. Essay

- Child Development by John W Santrock Child Development is a well organised and user friendly pedagogical book. Santrock says, “This book is about children’s development – its universal features, its individual variations, its nature at the beginning of the twenty-first century.” John Santrock’s Child Development is probably the most up to date, well researched and therefore the most accurate book in its field. Now in its fourteenth edition it has certainly stood the test of time considering it was first published in 1978....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Psychology, Jean Piaget]

Strong Essays
703 words (2 pages)

Essay about Review of Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics

- Aristole’s Nichomachean Ethics is a critically acclaimed piece of literature that has laid the framework for philosophy as we know it today. It is considered to be a historical piece that was the first to address ethics in a unified, clear, and concise manner. The book was translated by F. H. Peters with an introduction by Hye-Kyung Kim. Aristotle was one of the great early philosophers who ventured to speak to humans about how they conducted themselves as they related to others; however, some of Aristotle’s ideologies were debated by his counterparts for hundreds of years....   [tags: Greek Philosophy, All The President's Men]

Strong Essays
1379 words (3.9 pages)

The Adoption of Migration and Development Theories Essay

- Introduction Initially, it should be noted that the world migration mainly refers to the movement of population into another country or region from their original country to which they are not native so as to settle there to work and live. There are many factors which can contribute to the large world migration including economic and political reasons, family gathering, natural disasters etc. According to published statistics, it is said by International Organization for migration that the number of migrants from foreign countries around the globe has reached more than 200 million....   [tags: Adoption of Migration, Development Theories]

Strong Essays
2035 words (5.8 pages)

Metaphysical Realism and Matilal’s Theories on the Connection Between Words and Things

- Metaphysical Realism and Matilal’s Theories on the Connection Between Words and Things ABSTRACT: The vexed issue of the precise connection between words and things (or objects) has been a major preoccupation over the centuries summoning the resources of metaphysics, philosophy of language, linguistics, ontology and increasingly semiological analysis. Philosophy in India produced a number of different and often conflicting solutions, only to be rivalled by an equally bewildering variety witnessed in the ancient and modern West....   [tags: Philosophy]

Free Essays
4486 words (12.8 pages)

The Theories Of Intelligence By Robert Sternberg 's Theory Of Multiple Intelligences

- For the concept of intelligence, Robert Sternberg’s “Triarchic Theory of Successful Intelligence” and Gardner’s “Theory of Multiple Intelligences” were focused on for this particular self-assessment. Sternberg’s theory of intelligence divides total intelligence into analytic, creative and practical components (Woolfolk 117). According to Sternberg, analytical intelligence involves “the mental processes of the individual that lead to more or less intelligent behavior”, creative intelligence involves “coping with new experiences”, and practical intelligence involves emphasizing “the importance of choosing an environment in which you can succeed, adapting to that environment, and reshaping it i...   [tags: Intelligence, Theory of multiple intelligences]

Strong Essays
822 words (2.3 pages)

An Analytical Review Of The Current Literature Essay

- Article Review The objective of this researcher was to conduct an analytical review of the current literature, which involved comparing higher education institutions in Argentine and Finland. During, this process, I found some very interesting similarities, including America’s institutional influence on higher education between the two countries. Upon, comparing both countries in higher education, it became obvious one has to determine if an evaluative or assessment process, appropriately gives respectable merit to each country and their programs....   [tags: Higher education, University, Assessment]

Strong Essays
1113 words (3.2 pages)

Theories And Theories Of Cognitive Development Essay

- Theories of Cognitive Development There are four main theories discussed when teaching cognitive development: Piagetian, information-processing, sociocultural, and dynamic-systems. The first and most recognizable is the Piagetian theory founded by Jean Piaget. Piaget views children as “little scientists” who create hypotheses, preform experiments, and draw conclusions from their observations. He claimed development involves three main continuities: assimilation, accommodation, and equilibration....   [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]

Strong Essays
1055 words (3 pages)

The Impact of Attending Seminars to the Development of the Analytical Skill of Financial Management Students

- The study tackles about “The Impact of Attending Seminars to the Development of the Analytical Skill of the Financial Management Students”. The discussion started by introducing what is seminars and its main purpose. Seminars help a lot to spread and inform the people about new informations and ideas. It provides also opportunities to the attendees to meet and know formal persons in different industries. The importance of seminars could also enhance skills of the attendees specifically the analytical skill of a person....   [tags: finance, analytical skill, seminars]

Free Essays
1981 words (5.7 pages)

Gender Roles and Socialization in Adolescence Essay

- A Review of Mary Pipher”s “Reviving Ophelia: Saving the Selves of Adolescent Girls”, Laura E. Berk's “Infants and Children: Prenatal Through Middle Childhood”, and Lina A. Ricciardelli's “Self-esteem and Negative Affect as Moderators of Sociocultural Influences on Body Dissatisfaction, Strategies to Decrease Weight, and Strategies to Increase Muscles Among Adolescent Boys and Girls” Adolescence is one of the most difficult times for development. This difficulty is experienced very differently for boys and girls....   [tags: Reviving Ophelia Literature Development Essays]

Strong Essays
1530 words (4.4 pages)