In the early 1300s, Europeans began to shed the dark and oppressing mindsets of the Middle Ages. This sparked a revolution that would begin in Italy and spread throughout Europe, and is known today as the Renaissance. The word Renaissance literally (and fittingly) means ‘rebirth’ – making it a fitting title for a period where interest in learning, philosophy, and the classical arts were ‘reborn’.
Where the Middle Ages took the meaning out of the arts – using paintings and sculptures for nothing more than decorations in houses of religion, for instance – the Renaissance gave it back. Artists began to experiment and came up with new and original ideas instead of acting solely on old ones. As people saw what art truly was, their tastes began to grow and branch out, meaning that artists had to come up with new content to satisfy their growing audience. Also growing rapidly was city population, resulting in an increase in wealth that provided funds with which the arts could expand.
And expand they did. Paintings stopped focusing solely on religious models and took on new subjects such as portraits, landscapes, scenes of everyday life, and studies of the human form. Instead of focusing on the natural world and the hereafter, paintings focused on the material world and the here and now. New techniques were developed, combining science and mathematics with art, such as linear perspective and the depiction of light and shadow.
Sculpture and architecture were largely influenced by the classical world. Sculptors used new materials, developed new techniques, became more expressive with their creations, and created three-dimensional figures that deviated from stylization. Architecture became more cal...
... middle of paper ...
...ht to end the idealist tendencies romanticism had put into place but could never escape the era entirely. It also had some affect on the wild and passionate aspects of the Victorian period later on. It has never stopped influencing the art world. In literature, especially coming-of-age novels, the thought process of romanticism can be found as characters seek to know the answers of the world and, after searching high and low, coming to understand and reconcile with the fact that there are too many questions for all to be answered. Also in today’s literature is the strong presence of individualism.
Kren, E., & Marx, D. (2010, July 11). Web gallery of art. Retrieved October 15, 2010, from http://www.wga.hu
Le déjeuner sur l'herbe. (2010, October 19). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved October 20, 2010, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The term ‘Western art’ is mostly associated with art of western Europe, however, is used generally to describe art that has roots that date back to or are based on western Europe art traditions. In a general sense, Western arts are the “literary performing and visual arts of Europe and regions that share a European cultural tradition, including the United States and Canada.” The history of western art is broken up into periods that include Medieval, Byzantine, Romanesque, Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, Neoclassicism, Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, Modernism and Post-Modernism.... [tags: Italy, Renaissance, Europe, Middle Ages]
854 words (2.4 pages)
- Today’s modern architecture is inspired by great 18th century architects. Architecture during this period expressed passion in sculpture and decorative art from the Neoclassical and Romanticism periods. Architecture a unifying or coherent form or structure as defined in the Merriam-Webster dictionary describes the ideal construction of two great periods. (Merriam-Webster, n.d) Neoclassical and Romanticism artistic structures composed throughout this era were marvels and beauties during this century.... [tags: architecture, periods, ideas, culture]
1118 words (3.2 pages)
- ... The Catholic Church acknowledges a great number of martyrs and individuals it deems representative of a Christ-inspired life—and marks them by sainthood. Sebastian was said to have been killed during Roman emperor Diocletian’s great persecution of Christians. Diocletian (Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus) was Roman emperor from 284 to 305. He was deeply loathed and regarded as “the embodiment of irrational ferocity” by Henry Chadwick, a prominent British theologian and historian who died in 2008.... [tags: Opera and the Visual Arts]
1279 words (3.7 pages)
- Since the first prehistoric cave painting, and perhaps much before that, the human race has always used art as a form of expression. With the passing of each historical period came new technologies and techniques and were all influenced by the unique style, characteristics, and social conditions of those periods. Even though, each period discovered new forms and unique styles of art most historical periods were influenced by an earlier period of history. In this essay, I will explore the relationship, style, and influences of the Renaissance and Baroque periods and will also compare and contrast a work of art from both periods to further explain the relationship between the two eras.... [tags: art, architecture, techniques]
1129 words (3.2 pages)
- Of all the movements in European art, Romanticism has by far the most difficult origins to pinpoint due to the broadness of its beginnings, artistic expressions, and time frame. Inspired by “nature, an awareness of the past, a religious spirit, and an artistic ideal” (Barron’s 6), Romanticism is one of the most significant influences on European culture. By looking at modern paintings, we can see the influence Romanticism has had throughout the generations. With Romanticism, artists have been able to take painting to different levels.... [tags: Romanticism, European Culture, art, Europe,]
2488 words (7.1 pages)
- The story of David was a source of inspiration during the Renaissance. The Biblical story of David versus Goliath showed the strength of man defeating a giant, proving that power can come in many ways other than force. David was a frail boy, youngest son of Jesse, who tended the flock until God sent Samuel (a Judge) to anoint David to be the next king. As time progressed, David played the harp for the current King Saul of Israel, who was in a war with the Philistines. Then one day, Goliath and the Philistines had challenged Saul’s army but no one could stand in his mighty presence without falling down.... [tags: Renaissance Art]
2163 words (6.2 pages)
- Art has gone through many significant developments throughout history. The most important turning point was the renaissance. Art took a huge turn before the 1500’s and even after. The Renaissance has assisted the world of art in breaking away from a classic structure and shaping it to what it is day. Prior to this cultural rebirth, artworks were mostly not made to scale. Paintings were unrealistic and disproportionate. Religious figures seemed to be the focus of many works. The Renaissance changed the old social context of art by introducing humanism, new themes and techniques.... [tags: art, The Renaissance, Europe, realistic techniques]
926 words (2.6 pages)
- The Renaissance was a period of European history that began in 14th-century Italy and spread to the rest of Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries. In this period, the feudal society of the Middle Ages (5th century to 15th century) was transformed into a society dominated by central political institutions, with an urban, commercial economy and patronage of education, the arts, and music. The term renaissance, literally meaning "rebirth," was first employed in 1855 by French historian Jules Michelet (Paolucci 14).... [tags: History of Renaissance Art]
1822 words (5.2 pages)
- Renaissance Art When the new upper class movement, Renaissance, occurred in Italy around the 14th century, a revival of the classical forms originally developed by the ancient Greeks and Romans, an intensified concern with secular life, and interest in humanism and assertion of the importance of the individual began. Thus, artists such as Mosaccio and Giotto depicted art that unlike the Middle Ages, showed emotions, feelings, and bright colors, thus demonstrating the deep concern for naturalism in the society.... [tags: Art History Renaissance Italy Italian]
947 words (2.7 pages)
- Romanticism Romanticism is a movement in the arts that flourished in Europe and America throughout much of the 19th century from the period of the French revolution in 1789. Romantic artists’ glorified nature, idealized the past, and celebrated the divinity of creation. There is a fundamental emphasis on freedom of self expression, sincerity, spontaneity and originality. The movement rebelled against classicism, and artists turned to sources of inspiration for subject matter and artistic style.... [tags: Romanticism Essays]
1506 words (4.3 pages)