An Analysis of Nozick and Held's Political Theories Essay

An Analysis of Nozick and Held's Political Theories Essay

Length: 1858 words (5.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

In the critical studies of Held (1987), the political activist and philosopher argues that a contemporary society is now influenced by the contractual patterns of relations. Held argues, “we are told that modern democratic states rest on a social contract, that their economies should be thought of as a free market, where producers, employers, consumers, and employees make contractual agreements” (Held, 1987, p. 782). In this context, society perceives a culture as a free market, as well. Therefore, various philosophers and political activists consider that morality itself could also be perceived from contractual terms. In response to these assumptions, other political theorists also contribute to understanding of a contractual society. Despite the fact that Robert Nozick was not considered to be a political activist and philosophy, his contributions to political frameworks are evident. In particular, Nozick has had a major influence on the analysis of personal identity, as well as the analysis of political right-wing contributions. So, in order to understand why Held introduces claims against the current system, it is essential to consider her social and political views and compare those with the contractual political theories, supporting that the government should serve as a moralizing tool for the community first.
While the both theorists’ contributions have outstripped the boundaries of the political philosophy, Nozick managed to provide new political models for building social medium and consolidating communities (Hoffman & Graham, 2013). Nozick did not believe that a function of the government is to make individuals moral and adhere to moral and ethical principles. Nozick’s liberal outlook provided the analysis of the conditi...


... middle of paper ...


...dividuals because it approves moral principles as fundamental in making governmental decisions. These relationships can contribute to the increased awareness of how these familial bonds can strengthen the economic and political environment. The lack of morality and ethics can lead to the deprivation of the fundamental principles of human interaction. The most important thing one should take from this framework is that it can improve the welfare of individuals and protect their privacy rights thus making the society a better place for all.


References
Haber, J. G., & Halfon, M. S. (1998). Norms and values: Essays on the work of Virginia Held. Lanham, MR: Rowman & Littlefield.
Held, V. (1987). Non-Contractual society: A feminist view. Canada: University of Calgary Press.
Hoffman, J., Graham, P. (2013). An introduction to political theory. New York, NY: Routledge.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Growth of Wealth Inequality

- In the United States, the gap between the rich and the poor has been substantially increasing over the years. This growth between the rich and poor illustrates the wealth inequality between the social classes in our nation. Although it is impractical to precisely measure the morality of wealth inequality, we can use philosophical thought to determine what makes a political and economic system just. By analyzing the theories of political philosophers, Robert Nozick and John Rawls, it is clear that wealth inequality is morally justified, as long as equal opportunity and concern for justice among a society is provided under certain conditions.              Wealth inequality relates to race, gen...   [tags: justification theories, equal opportunity]

Term Papers
1112 words (3.2 pages)

Rawls Vs. Nozick : John Rawls And Nozick Essay

- Rawls vs Nozick John Rawls and Robert Nozick both provide compelling and thought provoking theories regarding the values of liberty and equality. Rawls focuses on both liberty and equality while Nozick theorizes exclusively on liberty. The ideas of Rawls and Nozick have multiple strengths as well as weaknesses which allow for debate and comparison between the two theories. John Rawls was more in agreement with the works of Locke and Rousseau; however, Rawls disagreed with the notion that the State of Nature was a historical situation as opposed to something hypothetical; Rawls instead believed an original position of equality which I agree with (917)....   [tags: Political philosophy, John Rawls, Liberalism]

Term Papers
792 words (2.3 pages)

The Political Theories Of Political Theory Essay

- Studying the nature of politics involves the analysis of a plethora of various individual components that altogether shape the overall political theories of the great political philosophers throughout history. Politics is the pursuit of achieving a strong, just, and successful system of governance, which encompasses the distribution of power and economic structure. The progression and evolution of political theory is made evident through the study of great minds such as Aristotle, Machiavelli, Locke, and even more recent entities like those of the founding fathers of the United States....   [tags: Political philosophy, John Locke, Human, Politics]

Term Papers
2105 words (6 pages)

Essay about The Distribution Of Wealth By Robert Nozick

- The distribution of wealth is a basically the view on wealth, and the various members or groups in a society. Of course, it differs from the distribution of income in that it looks at the distribution of ownership of the assets in a society, rather that the current income of members of that society. Wealth is the amount of liabilities being taken away from the amount of assets. The world always calculates wealth base off ones’ income, but the do relates with a simple factor of expenses. Distribution of wealth can also be a luck factor, it can be based off family income and family inheritance things of that nature....   [tags: Political philosophy, Liberalism, John Rawls]

Term Papers
1003 words (2.9 pages)

John Rawls And Robert Nozick Essay

- John Rawls and Robert Nozick write about very different societies and offer the ways that these societies will be governed and the rights its citizens will have. Rawls’ theory of justice as fairness differs from Nozick’s ultra-minimal state in various ways. They each describe the issues of justice, morality and the law through the issues of rights of citizens and the power of individuals. If I had a choice, I would prefer to live in a liberal society as Rawls mentions, in which I would be able to act as a free and equal person with basic rights and have the ability to participate in the creation of institutions....   [tags: Political philosophy, Law, Liberalism, John Rawls]

Term Papers
1533 words (4.4 pages)

Aristotle And Aristotle 's Political Theories Essay

- While Aristotle is widely known for his political theories, not as many people are familiar with Alfarabi. Alfarabi, however, modeled many of his teachings in the Political Regime on Plato and Aristotle. This is indicated when Alfarabi traveled to Damascus to gain knowledge in philosophy. It is thought, nevertheless, that he never read Aristotle 's Politics, but Alfarabi is recognized as the "second teacher" after Aristotle. Aristotle and Alfarabi, thus, share several similarities in their instruction....   [tags: Political philosophy, Government, Aristotle]

Term Papers
1116 words (3.2 pages)

Robert Nozick 's The State Of Nature Men Essay

- Robert Nozick was a political philosopher who best reflects the political thinking of the United States, to the extent that his work is unthinkable without considering the history and the constitution of the nation. From this starting point Nozick show us that in the state of nature men are entitled on one hand to their lives and safety, and also to self-possession. Inspired by empiricist philosopher John Locke who proclaimed that natural rights exist and are claimable, Nozick claims that his concept of a minimal state is morally justifiable....   [tags: Political philosophy, John Rawls, Justice]

Term Papers
1040 words (3 pages)

Essay about John Rawls, Robert Nozick, And Michael Walzer

- In the complexity of political thought, many thinkers have a set of principles for deciding questions regarding the balance of equality, freedom, and social justice. For political thinkers like John Rawls, Robert Dahl, Robert Nozick, and Michael Walzer—each grasp a different perspective on how and whether it is acceptable to redistribute resources in order to promote material equality. Of these authors, I find John Rawls’ argument most appealing. In his work A Theory of Justice, he states “All social values—liberty and opportunity, income and wealth, and the bases of self-respect—are to be distributed equally unless an unequal distribution of any, or all, of these values is to everyone 's...   [tags: Political philosophy, John Rawls, Justice]

Term Papers
1583 words (4.5 pages)

Essay about Political Dilemmas and the Theories of the German Idealists

- Does the Solution to our Present Moral and Political Dilemmas Lie in the Theories of the German Idealists. ABSTRACT: In the wake of the postmodernist onslaught one thing is certain: morality is in crisis. Where are we to look for answers. Perhaps to the German idealists—that is, to their bold synthesis of right and freedom. This paper seeks to bring the timely issue of absolute freedom and the possibility of its total realization back into ethical-political discussion. Through a close comparison of the theories of Fichte and Hegel via a critique of the former by the latter, I show that the antidote to many of our political, moral and theological distresses may well be found in Hegel’s concep...   [tags: Politics Political Science Papers]

Free Essays
6132 words (17.5 pages)

Essay on Robert Nozick’s Experience Machine

- In his 1975 book Anarchy, State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick introduced a now famous thought experiment he entitled "The Experience Machine." Nozick believes that this intuition pump successfully demonstrates that hedonism is false and that human beings do value things other than happiness and pleasure as goods in themselves, namely "authenticity" and the like. In this paper, I will offer a thorough exegesis of the Experience Machine thought experiment and attempt to show that it fails to establish that something like authenticity could serve as a potential normative foundation....   [tags: Robert Nozick Anarchy State and Utopia]

Term Papers
3406 words (9.7 pages)