Amputation: Deliberate Surgical Removal of a Part of The body Essay

Amputation: Deliberate Surgical Removal of a Part of The body Essay

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Amputation is the general term describing a condition of disability resulting from the deliberate surgical removal of a part of the body, a limb, or part of a limb (Bowker & Michael, 1992). Limb loss can be a congenital condition, the result of traumatic injury, or a surgical procedure to treat disease (Clawson, 2009). Clawson posits that the majority of amputations in the United States are the result of vascular disease caused by diabetes (p. 393). In cases of traumatic amputation, adjustment and adaptation is more difficult than for people who have had time to prepare, such as may occur with diabetes. Amputations may be performed at any level in the upper extremities such as the digits, the hand, or the arm, or in the lower extremities such as the toes, the foot, or the leg. Amputation is an emotional, life-altering occurrence that most often results from either disease or trauma (Hanley et al., 2004). Appropriate rehabilitation is a vital element to helping people with lower limb amputation learn to walk and function again and live high quality lives.
Literature Review
In the United States, the majority of amputations are performed in order to treat complications of peripheral vascular disease; the greater numbers involve the lower limbs (Clawson, 2009). According to Bowker and Michael (1992), disease is the most frequent reason for amputation in adults age 50 or older, while trauma is the usual cause of amputation in younger individuals. Marshall and Stansby (2008) include malignant tumor, uncontrollable acute or chronic infection, congenital deformity, ‘useless’ limb (usually due to neurological injury) and chronic pain as other common reasons for amputation (p.21). Amputation can be either major (majority of the limb removed...


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...2010). Amputation. In J. Stone & M. Bloouin (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation. Retrieved from http://cirrie.buffalo.edu/encyclopedia/en/article/251/
Marshall, C., & Stansby, G. (2008). Amputation. Surgery,26(1), 21-24. doi: 10.1016/j.mpsur.2007.10.011
Murray, C. D. (2009). Amputation, prosthesis use, and phantom limb pain an interdisciplinary perspective. New York: Springer.
Saradjian, A., Thompson, R. A., & Dipak, D. (2008). The experience of men using an upper limb prosthesis following amputation: Positive coping and minimizing feeling different. Journal of Disability and Rehabilitation, 30(11), 871-883. doi: 10.1080/09638280701427386
Yetzer, E. A., Kauffman, G., Sopp, F., & Tally, L. (1994). Development of a patient education program for new amputees. Rehabilitation Nursing, 19, 163-168. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7855404

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