The relationship between the Colonists and England deteriorated through out the 1760’s and the 1770’s. This deterioration was a result of England’s taxation of the colonists including The Stamp Act in 1765, The Townshend Acts in 1767, and The Tea Act in 1773. The Tea Act granted the East Indian Trading Company a monopoly for selling tea to the colonies. The tea they sold was the cheapest in the world even with the small tax England placed on the tea. The colonists felt as if they were being tricked into paying the tax and refused the tea. In December 1773 fifty colonists, dressed as native Americans, boarded an East India Trading Company ship and threw ten million dollars (in todays dollars) worth of tea into the ocean, this is known as The Boston Tea Party. In response to The Boston Tea Party, England enacted The Coercive Acts in 1774, or The Intolerable Acts as they were known in the colonies. The legislation closed the ports of Boston until the colonists paid for the tea that was dumped at The Boston Tea Party and restricted town meetings to one meeting per year. The Intolerable Acts led to The First Continental Congress in September of 1774. At this meeting of delegates the main question was...
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...estern American territory. This new generation of politicians were called the War Hawks. The War Hawks constantly pressured Madison to declare war on the British and in June of 1812 Madison caved. The United States was fighting to ensure their Atlantic trade, to get the British out of US territory, and to clear out the Indians. Despite the British were winning the war The Treaty of Ghent was signed on Christmas Eve of 1814. The British agreed to a peace treaty because the war was becoming to expensive for them to continues. They were still in the Napoleonic Wars and the war with the United States was less important.
The Americans declared two wars against England, The American Revolution and The War of 1812, in the fight for independence. These wars were won as a result of the new American government forming a united front and England’s involvement in global wars.
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