Unlike most Europeans countries, the United States of America enjoyed a rather healthy relationship with Middle East nations during the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. Possibly, this was due to the fact that the US had little or no interest in colonizing countries in the region. On the contrary, it largely participated in philanthropic and educational activities therefore attracting positive perception among the Middle East people. However, after the world war II the situation begun to change. The US, after fully appreciating the strategic value of the region, opted to increase its interest there. Particular to ensure it does not lose control of the region’s natural resources (chiefly oil), protecting Israel (which was a newly established state and possibly are strategic America ally), and finally, prevent the Soviet Union from dominating the nation (Russel & Ghabra 2003).
Background of Middle East-America Resentment
America’s role in the establishing of Israel marked the beginning of resentment among many Arabs and Muslims communities (Evara, Stratmann & Natta 2007). With this political stand, the US was forced to adopt policies that conflicted with major political movements in the region, namely secular pan-Arabism and Islamic fundamentalism. Egypt was on the forefront pushing for the first movement; it described its position on the Middle East and the rest of the world. Both the movements called for unity among the Muslim and Arabic community. Consequently they alienated the western countries, to an extent of advocating for violence. In 1991 the relationship was complicated further when the US led the gulf war against Iraq. However the more recent September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on America soil hig...
... middle of paper ...
...erican Politicians’ Global Politics, vol. 7,
no. 3, pp. 212-43.
Hansen, K 2010, Obama Administration and the Middle East, Alfred Knopf, N.Y.
Levit, M 2009, ‘Cause, and Effects of the Negative Middle East Attitude towards the US’,
Journal of Politics and Economics, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 440-64.
Maoz, K , & Lenore, J 2010, ‘The Power of Middle East Public Opinion on US Interests’
American Prospect Review, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 210-43.
Russel, N, & Ghabra, L 2003, ‘American Progressive Participation in Middle East Region:
Merits and Demerits’, Foreign Policy Review, vol. 11. no. 8, pp. 329-52.
Schmitt, N, & Cordesman, L 2009, ‘Changing America Strategy on the Middle East; Proposed
Foreign Policy Change’ Journal of International Politics, vol. 9. no. 4, pp. 300-32.
Trice, M 2008, The Middle East: A gigantic Task for the New Administration. Wiley, N.Y.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- War and Peace In the Middle East by Avi Shlaim In the novel War and Peace In the Middle East, author Avi Shlaim argues that Arab nations have been unable to escape the post-Ottoman syndrome. In particular he describes how the various powers inside and outside the region have failed to produce peace. While some of Shlaim's arguments hinder the message, I agree with his overall thesis that the Middle East problems were caused and prolonged by the failure of both powers and superpowers to take into account the regional interests of the local states.... [tags: International Middle East Politics Government]
1239 words (3.5 pages)
- The role of the Middle East has been very crucial to the United States, especially after WWII. The U.S. had three strategic goals in the Middle East and consistently followed them throughout various events that unfolded in the region. First, with the emergence of the cold war between the Soviet Union and the U.S., policymakers began to recognize the importance of the Middle East as a strategic area in containing Soviet influence. This also coincides with the U.S. becoming increasingly wary of Arab nationalism and the threat it posed to U.S.... [tags: Soviets, Israel, Oil, Politics]
896 words (2.6 pages)
- ... 2013). Every Muslim must follow the laws of the Shari’a just like Americans follow the laws under the Constitution. The ways of the Shari’a might look extreme under foreign eyes that might cause tension toward Muslims. In addition, the official language in Islam is Arabic. Many words related to Islam are sallam and jihad. Sallam means peace and jihad means struggle. Most Muslims cannot condone to violence against American citizens. Muslims are misjudged by their actions, even if their words mean peace.... [tags: society, terrorist, muslim, impact, culture]
690 words (2 pages)
- Growing up, I remember the questions asked during the Miss America pageants. Standing tall and lean, a well groomed beauty flashed a bright smile, while delicately articulating a plan to end world hunger. I was mesmerized by the thought that someone could figure out the answers to the world’s problems in less than four minutes. If only solving the Middle Eastern conflict was truly that easy. The seemingly elusive idea of peace in the Middle East is comprised of many dimensions, each entailing more than just a simplistic answer.... [tags: Religion, Tradition, Culture]
1506 words (4.3 pages)
- The Role of Media on Middle Eastern Conflicts 'By now, all of us realize that there is a high powered media campaign aimed at promoting the war on Iraq and shaping the views of the American people, relying on media-savvy political strategy to sell the administration's priorities and policies' 'Systematic sources of bias in TV coverage of international affairs not only distort information, but can also restrict citizens' awareness and options, and thereby produce more social control. The focus here is on the way TV news formats can limit, constrain, and distort information about terrorism.' The relationships between countries in the Middle East and with the West have never been ones o... [tags: News Coverage media Middle East Essays]
4376 words (12.5 pages)
- Terrorism and Culture of the Middle East Introduction In 1993, a Harvard political scientist named Samuel P. Huntington wrote a controversial article entitled “The Clash of Civilizations” in Foreign Affairs. At this point the Gulf War was still fresh in the minds of most Americans. The most poignant issues at the time were the threat of Suddam Hussein, nuclear weapons, and the establishment of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. Also months later, the World Trade Center was bombed, which left six people dead and many more injured.... [tags: Muslim Cultural Religion Iraq Essays]
4764 words (13.6 pages)
- Introduction For the first time in over thirty years tensions have begun to ease between the United States and Iran. With the change in Presidencies in both nations came a change in the nature and tone of their respective discourse, and with it the opportunity for negotiations that could result in the decontainment of Iran. Once the pre-eminent power of the Middle East, over the past three decades Iran has been subjugated by large powers who wish to contain it and smaller regional powers who wish to keep its influence subordinated.... [tags: Middle East Politics, Iran]
2595 words (7.4 pages)
- Universal Health Care in America: A Middle East Perspective My project over the course of the program abroad was a focus on the health care systems of the countries we visited. This project was chosen for personal reasons, as I aimed to analyze the feasibility of a universal health care system in America. In order to understand the practicality of such an issue, I had to first understand the encompassing components: economy and politics. The intrinsic nature of the program itself helped me to understand the politics and the history that set the precedent for contemporary issues, but exploring the economy took a bit more work.... [tags: Papers]
1999 words (5.7 pages)
- Arts and Politics Many artists tend to overwork themselves and get frustrated. Even if they were to work 18 hours a day on a project, many of them still wouldn’t be able to pat themselves on the shoulder and say “You’ve done a great job. You should be happy!” Of all the times they say it, they rarely feel it. But when you get down to the bottom of it, they absolutely love to do it. Just like that, Emilie gets neurotic when she works, and hence she prefers to work alone at night. Upon my insistence she reveals some of the secret characteristics of her artist persona: she gazes at the drawing, moves back, gazes some more, moves closer, speaks to herself and works for long hours until the pict... [tags: Arts Politics Essays]
874 words (2.5 pages)
- One would think there are enough conflicts to be had in the Middle East. The area is simply a breeding ground for turmoil, and has been for centuries. Of the many conflicts that revolve around the areas history, politics, religion, territory or ethnicity, one more can be added to the group: water. These societies all need water, but not all have the same resources to get to that water. What is the hotbed of vice in this situation is only a few of the countries in the Middle East have total control over their own water, leaving most of the others to depend on the graces of those few countries to manage their water magnanimously enough to supply them with what they need.... [tags: Geography Economics Papers]
2245 words (6.4 pages)