This investigation explores the question “To what extent did the American foreign policy in southern Korea before the outbreak of the Korean War contribute to North Korea’s decision to invade the South?” To assess the degree of success to which the policy affected the communists’ decision to invade the South, various U.S. documents, especially the official U.S. government policy documents on Korea, will be evaluated for their effectiveness, as well as role of their role in Korea. This investigation will not only examine the extent to which the policies contributed to the invasion, but also consider the role of internal problems of the South and the military strengths of the North. This investigation will span the period between the establishment of South Korea and the start of the North Korean invasion, on the 25th. The U.S. policy on Korea, not the general U.S foreign policy during this time period, will be examined. Two chosen print sources, The War For Korea, 1945-1950: A House Burning by Allan R. Millett, and Encyclopedia of the Korean War: A Social, Political, and Military History by Spencer C. Tucker, will be evaluated for their origins, purpose, value, and limitation.
Summary of Evidence
American military force took control of the southern zone of Korea in 1945, while the Soviets took over the northern zone, in which the country was divided in half by the 38th June 1950. It will be limited parallel, only to speed up the disarming of the Japanese troops after WWII (Cumings 4). South Korea (Republic of Korea), the only recognized government in the Korean Peninsula by the United Nations, was promised American foreign economic aid in order to stabilize their economy and stay independent from f...
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...nerable to enemy invasion. While it is true that South Koreans proved capable of defending its own borders against communist insurgents, the U.S. intelligence failed to predict the coming North Korean invasion, although they accurately predicted North Korea’s far superior military strength. Without a doubt, the U.S. foreign policy on South Korea had the most significant impact on the North Korea’s decision to invade.
Cumings, Bruce. The Korean War: A History. Modern Library Chronicles, 2010. Print.
Leckie, Robert. Conflict: The History of the Korean War. New York, NY: Da Capo, 1990. Print.
Millett, Allan R. The War For Korea, 1945-1950: A House Burning. University Press of Kansas, 2005. Print.
Tucker, Spencer C. Encyclopedia of the Korean War: A Political, Social, and Military History. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2000. Print.
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