The American Army in the Mexican War

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During the 19th century, the United States had two armies. Authorized by congress in 1789, the first was the standing army called as U.S. army. This force consisted of officers commissioned by Congress and men who joined for a five year period. In 1792. Congress created an auxiliary army called as militia. The U.S. army was a national force while the militia was the armies of various states. The militia could be called for federal service: to execute the laws, to suppress insurrections, and to repel invasions. This two level arrangement formed the basis of military establishment during the war. The U.S. army was not prepared for the war. The congress authorized 8613 men and officers for the war but, the actual number was fewer than 5500. Many regimental commanders entered before the War of 1812 but, were too elderly and infirm for an active duty. Looking at the poor state of army during the war, the Congress increased the number of private individual companies to hundred. This turned out to be stopgaps at best. The presence of large number of graduates in the United States army consisted of lieutenants and captains. Their leadership ability and training helped to counterbalance the initial shortage of man power. George G. Meade, Ulysses S. Grant, George B. McClellan, P.G.T. Beauregard, Braxton Bragg, Joseph E. Johnston, and Robert E. Lee were among the ranked men in the army. During the Mexican war, the militia system proved unreliable and thus underwent a substantial revision. During the war of 1812, two major issues arose. First, many states prohibited their troops from participating in the military operations on foreign soil. Second, by law a militia man could serve only for 90 days. Thus, Congress created a subclass of militia... ... middle of paper ... ...It was because, Mexico lost valuable territory and the treaty ensured that Mexico would remain an underdeveloped country. Mexico lost half of the national territory. In 1850s to strengthen the country’s political, power reformers came into power in Mexico. The aim was never again it should turn a victim to U.S. aggression. Benito Juarez’z La Reforma was the start of the political and economic modernization process that continues till today in Mexico. Works Cited “U.S. Mexican war”. Last modified March 14 2006, http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/war/. Bauer, K. Jack. The Mexican War, 1846-1848. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. Inc., 1974. Frazier, Donald S. The United States and the Mexico at War. New York: Simon and Schuster Macmillan, 1998. “The price of freedom: Americans at War”. http://amhistory.si.edu/militaryhistory/printable/section.asp?id=4.

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