America, Land Of The Free Essay

America, Land Of The Free Essay

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America, land of the free…” Americans tout themselves on the foundation on which their country was founded, on freedom (American Civil Liberties Union). Freedom from tyrannical leaders, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion. However, many of the Americans do not share the same freedoms. For hundreds and hundreds of years the African American community has been in a constant fight for equality. From slavery, to Jim Crow, and to current mass incarceration, African Americans, and other minorities are still fighting for freedoms. The 13th Amendment had abolished slavery, however, it opened a new door, from slavery to mass incarceration. Mass incarceration and its impact on communities of color, the criminal justice system and its contribution to racial disparities, and lastly, the recommended solutions to racial disparities in the criminal justice system, all are needed to gain an insightful perspective towards the systematic oppression that people of color are faced with.
“Representing just 5% of the world’s population… [America] now holds 25% of its inmates.” Of the 25% of inmates, 51% are of people of color (American Civil Liberties Union). Many individuals argue it’s because people of color commit the most crimes, however, studies have shown that all races equally commit their share of crimes. The start of mass incarceration began when the government started a “War on Drugs,” a polite way of enacting a war on people of color. A key ingredient to support that the War on Drugs was a war on people of color, is the fact that the federal government made sentences for crack cocaine longer than sentences for powder cocaine; crack cocaine was more predominate in neighborhoods of people of color whereas, powder was in suburban neigh...


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...le paths for the United States to choose instead of the path of war, but because of fear mongering and racism, the war began.
In conclusion, many states are following the Texas Prison Reform Model when it comes to prisons. Those states are praising the Texas Model for their ability to close down several prisons and save the taxpayers thousands of dollars. The praise of the “success” of the Texas Model spreads harmful and incorrect information. The Texas Model did, however, save the taxpayers money, but it failed to decrease racial disparity. It has also failed to give a reasoning behind the cause of mass incarceration of people of color. The spread of this “success” is harmful and invalid, saving the taxpayers a few dimes and pennies does not answer why 35 percent of inmates are African American and why they are criminalized harsher and more frequently than whites.

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