Hydrocarbons are chemical compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon atoms. They are connected by single, double or triple bonds. Hydrocarbons can be in any state from low melting solids to gas. Hydrocarbons make a very large group including alkanes, alkenes and alkynes. There are different types of hydrocarbons. For example: saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Saturated hydrocarbons are the simplest kind of hydrocarbons. Saturated hydrocarbons have one single bond with hydrogen and are saturated with hydrogen. It is these type of hydrocarbons that make up our petroleum fuels which we use for energy. The primary source of hydrocarbons here on earth is fossil fuels – coal, natural gas and oil. They are extracted from the earth in millions of tons per day.
We are consuming fossil fuels at a faster rate then the rate in which they are being made. According to statistics we will use up all of the world’s petroleum by 2050 and we will use up all of the world’s coal resources by 2500. Heres a table on the remaining world fossil fuel reserves.
Remaining World Fossil Fuel Reserves (In Billion Barrels of ...
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...eople die. If the end products after burning hydrocarbons are released without treating it first, people living nearby the plant can get sick, passing the sickness and as a result spreading the disease affecting the society.
The role of an individual is not to waste electricity just because it is there. Everyone should try to conserve as much as energy as they can, that is the role of an individual. For example: people can shut off the lights while leaving the room. The role of industries is to release wastes after treating them and to not release wastes in places like rivers, lakes as the water there is used for drinking and other purposes. They should treat wastes before discharging it
Alternative sources of energy will play a very important role as the world will run out of hydrocarbons as fuel in the coming years. It is our duty to preserve our resources.
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