Before the Filipinos, the Chinese and Japanese dominated as the sugar plantation laborers and were the biggest ethnicity groups in Hawai‘i. When laws were created to prohibit the Chinese and Japanese laborers from entering Hawai‘i because of control and overpopulation of their race, the Philippines was sought out. Many laboring immigrants also returned home after their contract was over, and mixing ethnicities was crucial to preventing strikes. Ronald T. Takaki author of Pau Hana writes, “…employ as many nationalities as possible on each plantation and thus ‘offset’ the power of any one nationality.”...
... middle of paper ...
... Pub., 1995. Print.
“Makibaka: Struggle!.” In Ating Tao: Our People. Honolulu: General Assistance Center for the Pacific College of Education, Educational Foundations, University of Hawaii, 1976. 60 89. Print.
Sakahara, Tim. “Committee Supports Cockfighting As A Cultural Activity.” Hawaii News Now. http://www.hawaiinewsnow.com/story/12224788/committee-supports-cockfighting-as-a cultural-activity (accessed April 23, 2014).
Soriano, Fred. Filipino Hawaiian Migration and Adaptation: New Paradigms for Analysis. Hilo: University of Hawaii at Hilo, 1980. Print.
Takaki, Ronald T. Pau Hana: Plantation Life and Labor in Hawaii, 1835-1920. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1983. Print.
Teodoro, Luis V. Out of This Struggle: The Filipinos in Hawaii. Honolulu: Published for the Filipino 75th Anniversary Commermoration Commision by the University Press of Hawaii, 1981. Print.
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