The Allegory Of The Cave Essay

The Allegory Of The Cave Essay

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According to “The Allegory of the Cave,” “ The Oedipus Complex,” and “ The Personal and the Collective Unconscious,” people 's behavior in society originates in the conscious and unconscious minds. Different people have different kinds of personalities which are caused by different types of education, environments, cultures and experiences. These elements strongly influence how they regard the world, and influence how their conscious mind works. When people act how they want it means that they use their conscious minds. However, these elements also compose the unconscious which consists of the processes in the human mind that occur automatically and are not available to introspection, such as saying wrong words. In this way, the authors Plato, Freud, and Jung argue that the reality of society is not only made by humans’ conscious mind, but that it is also made by the unconscious mind; understanding this helps people to further understand their inner lives.

Freud and Plato both agree that the unconscious, is repressed by the conscious mind, but the simultaneous existence of the conscious and the unconscious in the inner life helps people to realize the reality.The conscious mind is the reflection of the material world, which includes feeling, thinking and other mental processes of a various sum. The unconscious mind, influenced by reality, can not become conscious, but it could be repressed desires that are realized from the inner lives. For example, dreaming, a slip of the tongue and writing errors are forms of the reflection of the unconscious. As Freud put it,“...with the whole force of the repression by which those wishes have since that time been held down within us…in which those same impulses, though suppressed...


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.....the glare will distress him and he will be unable to see the realities of which in his former state, he had seen the shadows..when he is approaching nearer to being and his eye is turned towards more real existence” (868). He argues that if people suddenly coming back to the den from understanding the real objects will not find the truth and justice correctly like human’s eyes can not suddenly accept the light from the dark or the dark from the light, so people have to have an accustomed procession to find the real truth. In other words, people understanding the conscious mind and the unconscious mind helps people to find the reality and truth. In fact, through understanding their conscious mind and unconscious minds, people can take action effectively in society. They can also make decisions more correctly and improve their awareness about their inner lives.

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