Behaviorism is a theory of personality that sees everything in terms of conditioning. The theory was founded by John B. Watson who believed that our responses to environmental stimuli shape our behavior. Behaviorist such as Ivan Pavlov, John B. Watson, and BF Skinner believed that with the right conditioning, a person could successfully be trained to perform any task. Accordingly, through classical or operant conditioning we acquire specific behaviors that ultimately contribute to our personality development (Moore, 2013). According to Kendra Cherry, “classical conditioning pairs a naturally occurring stimulus with a response. Next, a previously neutral stimulus is paired with the naturally occurring stimulus. Eventually, the p...
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...es and aversion therapy. Behaviorist therapy is based upon teaching desirable behavior and extinguishing undesirable behavior (Friedman & Schustack, 2010).
Behaviorism is the idea that every behavior we display has been learned either by classical conditioning, operant conditioning or modeling other’s behavior. The behaviorist approach towards personality draws significant attention to the environment. How the environment responds to our actions ultimately shapes what behavior we will display in the future in similar situations (Moore, 2013). Although the behaviorist theory cannot solely explain personality development alone, it has the potential to explain a large part of it. The environment that surrounds us, the people we interact with, and how others respond to our behavior is what eventually contributes to our personality (Barness, Ryan, and Parish, 2013).
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