Essay PreviewMore ↓
The first attempt to occupy Alcatraz took place in 1964 when a group of four Native Americans landed on the island and claimed it for four hours before the coast guard removed them. This became the inspiration for a group of San Francisco State students to attempt an occupation of their own in 1969. When attempting to make it to the island, only one boat agreed to assist the Native American's in their occupation. They were not able to dock on the island, but, Richard Oaks became the leader of the group when he jumped off the boat and swam to the island. After this brief occupation Richard Oaks returned to San Francisco and began to recruit people to join the movement. Oaks went to UCLA where eighty students agreed to join the movement. On November 20, 1969 a group of one-hundred Native Americans set sail from Sausalito and landed on Alcatraz Island, beginning the occupation that would last for nineteen more months.
The goal of the occupiers was for the United States Government to allow the Indigenous people to create a culture center, museum, and a Native American University on the island. The United States government repeatedly refused to negotiate, however the inspired occupiers refused to back down. The film showed how the Indians worked together to demand justice from the government. Over the nineteen month span hundreds of Native Americans as well as some non-native citizens lived on the island. The occupation ran into leadership issues when Richard Oaks stepped down as the leader due to the death of his daughter, which took place on the island. Just before the occupation ended, the United States government turned off the electricity and water supply to the island.
How to Cite this Page
"Alcatraz Is Not An Island." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Feb 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... There are no oil or mineral rights. 5. There is no industry and so unemployment is very great. 6. There are no health care facilities. 7. The soil is rocky and non-productive and the land does not support game. 8. There are no educational facilities. 9. The population has always been held as prisoners and kept dependent upon others (Eagle). The proclamation also stated that “[IAT will] purchase said Alcatraz for twenty-four dollars in glass beads and red cloth.... Our offer of 1.24 per acre is greater than the 47 cents per acre the white men are now paying the California Indians for their land”(Indian of All Tribes).... [tags: Native Americans in the United States]
1485 words (4.2 pages)
- The History of Alcatraz Island Alcatraz Island has quite a distinct history. Many people know that Alcatraz served as a federal prison, but most are reluctant to know that this island served as fort. Built before the Civil War, it served two main purposes. First, that it was to guard the San Francisco bay area from enemy ships against a foreign invasion, and second, to hold hostage prisoners of war or POW's as they were called. In this report, I'll show you how this fortress came to be a federal prison, why it is no longer in operation today, and most importantly, to show why it was built in the first place.... [tags: Alcatraz Federal Prison Jail Essays]
4107 words (11.7 pages)
- “If you break the rules of society, they sent you to prison. If you break the rules of prison, they send you to Alcatraz.” -Anonymous. Once considered as the prison of all American prisons, Alcatraz held some of the most dangerous criminals in American history. Alcatraz Island opened as a prison on October twelfth, 1933. During its twenty-nine years of operation, Alcatraz held some of the most dangerous prisoners, without any known successful escape attempts. Life on the island as a prisoner was extremely rough.... [tags: Prison, Tourism]
836 words (2.4 pages)
- With the new prison, the U.S. Army ran a rather mild institution with minimum security. “Prisoners spent their days working and learning…Many prisoners worked as gardeners while a select few were employed as babysitters for the children of prison officers (Mahaney, Erin. History and Facts about Alcatraz. About.com). Closing The Great Depression of the 1930s resulted in the already pricey expenses to run the army barracks to almost double. The current prisoners were departed to other prisons in Kansas and New Jersey.... [tags: Prison, Escapes]
1597 words (4.6 pages)
- ... Under President Andrew Jackson’s administration, the Indian Removal Act authorized the forceful removal of Native Americans from their tribal land where the U.S. army escorted Native Americans from Georgia to Oklahoma. Jackson’s policy was supported through Supreme Court rulings Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia in 1831 and Worcester vs. Georgia in 1832, which resulted in the infamous Trail of Tears. The aftermath of the removal left a severe impact on the Cherokee population in the following decade where an estimated 2,000 members survived out of the original 16,000 that walked the Trail of Tears (Gottesman and Brown).... [tags: Native Americans in the United States]
1409 words (4 pages)
- Have you ever heard of the hauntings on the island of the Alcatraz prison. About the ghostly sightings, freezing cells, extra counts, and mysterious murders. Are these real life sightings or just some legends told around the campfire. The stories are about the man with the glowing eyes, Cellblock D, and the lighthouse. To this day the ghosts still roam the abandoned cells and linger in the empty halls waiting to be noticed. The Island of Alcatraz started construction in the 1850’s and in 1861 the first unlucky prisoners stepped onto the island.... [tags: ghostly sightings, mysterious murders]
1067 words (3 pages)
- The Rock It was one of the toughest prisons of it time. There was nothing to do but stare at walls. It was mind dwindling. Nicknamed “The Rock,” Alcatraz was a place prisoners didn’t want to go. From the discovery of the island to the closing of the prison, Alcatraz has had a lot of action over the years. With a great warden that kept the place in check, “The Rock” stayed under control, even though Alcatraz held some of the worst criminals of its time. Has anyone escaped. Well, there were those three guys that went missing, but keep reading to find out about that.... [tags: Alcatraz Island, Prison, San Francisco Bay]
1699 words (4.9 pages)
- ... Also no women were in the jail, but some lived in the islands apartments, with their father or husband who worked in the jail. Some inmates would go years without seeing a woman or hearing one’s voice. The food and drink provided was on holidays the inmates were served fine meals such as stuffed celery, tom turkey roasted, pumpkin pie, fruit cake, and coffee. The inmates were fed 3 times a day and always had decent food. Most inmates said it was better than other federal prisons. But for drinks, the only fresh water on the island was rain and fog.... [tags: prison, criminals, island]
731 words (2.1 pages)
- In the 1920's and 1930's a new wave of crime had swept across the U.S. With the passage of the Volstead Act in 1920, producing and distributing alcohol became an extremely lucrative business. With this also came a sharp rise in organized crime in many of the big cities. Even worse, the crimes committed by members of these gangs became more violent. In July of 1933, J. Edgar Hoover was made the director of the newly formed FBI. Hoover decided that he was going to crack down on these criminals. Hoover chose to aim high and went after the heads of the crime gangs.... [tags: Alcatraz Prison]
1443 words (4.1 pages)
- It's 1934, prohibition is the law, and organized crime is booming. You've been convicted of tax evasion and have spent the last couple years at the Atlanta U.S. Penitentiary. With several thousand dollars stuffed in the hollow handle of your tennis racket, and a warden in your pocket, you've been living life like a king. But all that's about to come to and end, you find yourself standing on Pier 41, Fisherman's Warf, San Francisco bay. It's early morning and the fog obscures your view. As it starts to lift and recede into the ocean, it takes along with it all forms of courage and hope that still remain within you.... [tags: Alcatraz Place Description Essays]
3107 words (8.9 pages)
The occupation may be seen as a failure due to the tragic ending, however, it was a huge success in that it raised the spirits of Native Americans across the nation and made a point to the United States government that the indigenous people deserve better treatment. The political movement that began with a small groups of college students eager to take over Alcatraz still exists today. Native Americans express themselves through poetry and speak out about injustice through music as I saw during the culture day in the Memorial Union.
Growing up in San Francisco, I have toured Alcatraz on three different occasions. I remember seeing the sign on the very front of Alcatraz island that reads, "Indian Land". The tour guides may have briefly mentioned why it was painted to the Island, but they never expressed the importance of the occupation. Rather, the main things that always stick out about visiting the island are the stories of the prisoners that attempted to escape and the "Birdman" that lived on the island. It is very disappointing to me that the occupation isn't more widely spoken of to the visitors of Alcatraz island, as it is a very important event in Native American history. The Alcatraz occupation is a significant part of Native American Studies because it is a symbol for the current activism. Additionally, it shows that Native Americans are still around today and still are not being treated the way they should be.