In ancient times, it was said that a ruler should behave according to the standards and regulations set forth by the word of God. There was an absolute standard of justice that people had to follow. The ruler or sovereign was taught to act morally in order to be successful and gain spiritual happiness; morality and politics were unified, religion played an important role in the decision making. A ruler had to act accordingly based on the standards and moral ideas of ancient civilizations and the government, this meant, recognizing that there was an absolute right and an absolute wrong. The ruler and society as a whole, in ancient times, were preoccupied with their afterlife and wanting to achieve a better spiritual life by acting according to the standards mentioned above.
The concept of aiming higher or lower in politics and how a sovereign should behave has been a controversial subject throughout history. In ancient times the aim in politics for a ruler was to act and behave according to the standards set by the moral absolutes established by God, meaning the aim of politics back then was very high and there was a lot of risk in failing as a ruler to the citizens because of this aim, they were not supposed to change any standard or way of doing things as they pleased. But in modern times, thinkers have given a turn to this way of analyzing and practicing politics, we find two figures like Machiavelli expressing his ideas over the way a ruler should act, not guided by morals or religion and Hobbes that argues that this theory is the wrong way of how the system should work, a more absolute system with no spiritual life concerns or religious beliefs about the afterlife, he argues that people should concentrate on other ...
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...l and faithful to this absolute power they have chosen to rule over them, and based on this contract, they have the right to be protected by this ruler. Hobbes reaffirms the fact that freedom can only exist if this sovereign is authorized to rule by the subjects with no limits or setbacks. The problem I find with Hobbes ideal way of a peaceful system is that he does not assure or talks about a sovereign taking advantage of this power and inflicting unnecessary pain or regulations to the subjects, Hobbes does not provide an alternative to this kind of behavior, therefore I assume that this is something he sees as part of this absolute political ideal in which people have no control over their lives. But again, it is hard to agree with his way of thinking because of our different liberal views and ideas that we have been raised in and the type of system we live in.
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