HIV, human immunodeficiency virus, spreads throughout a person’s body that affects the cells of the immune systems. HIV is a retrovirus that incorporates its genetic material into the genome of the cell it attacks. Once your body is affected, the CD4 cells begin to break down and a person’s body can no longer fight off diseases and infections. The virus replicates and mutates rapidly, the immune system is no longer able to maintain a cellular defense response. The immune system becomes compromised; the HIV infected cells now outnumber the healthy, fighting cells. The last stage of HIV is known as AIDS, acquired immune deficiency syndrome,
HIV does not provide many symptoms for a person to be aware of the disease. Most people who are infected do not show any physical signs of having the disease. In fact the symptoms are vague and feel like temporary flulike illness, lasting one to two months after exposure. While the symptoms may vanish, HIV certainly does not. Even with the lack of symptoms a person still has the ability to pass on the infection. The incubation period for HIV can vary between months to years, giving individuals to infect others without knowing. HIV is not spread through casual, social or family contact. HIV is spread through the practice of unprotected vaginal or anal intercourse, and conta...
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...ered a high risk group. Much of the diagnostic criteria from the CDC were male based, making it difficult for women to be correctly diagnosed. Women are sometimes ineligible from benefits and services, because of unclear diagnostic criteria for women.
More awareness is begin brought to the disease HIV/AIDS and has plateaued in number of infections over the past twenty years. Even so, it is still important to know how to protect yourself. One of the best ways to do this is to maintain mutual monogamy, and practice safe sex with partners. HIV is a lifelong disease, which can be maintained with the help of three medications. The medications help to ward off the compromising of a person’s immune system. There are a disproportional number of women of color begin diagnosed with HIV. This group of women often does not have the resources to seek out testing and treatment.
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