The hunter-gatherer groups of people started to domesticate plants and animals after 12,000 B.C., which was the beginning of food production. The earlier plants that were domesticated during the transformation were emmer, einkorn, and barley which came from the Near East and teosinte(corn), and opuntia(prickly pear) was domesticated along with wild runner bean and squash in the New World. In china domesticated plants consisted of different types of millet, a type of Chinese cabbage(Originating from the mustard family), and eventually rice. While the hunter-gatherers were sedentary, domesticating crops (Old World: mainly barley and wheat; New World: mainly corn and beans); the nomadic foragers domesticated herds of animals; this created an opportunity for trade. The foragers would trade an animal with the hunter-gatherers for a portion of their domesticated plants in the midst of their traveling. This trade in many ways was the beginning of agricultural entrepreneurships and the types of agricultural production that we see today.
In the midst of early farming communities started to form, mak...
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"agriculture, origins of." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010. Retrieved 8 Apr. 2010. http://0search.eb.com.opac.library.csupomona.edu/eb/article-10769.
Kreis, Steven. "The History Guide." Ancient Western Asia and the Civilization of Mesopotamia. 26 February 2006. Retrieved 08 April 2010. http://www.noodletools.com/quickcite/citwww1.html.
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